Niche-induced cell death and epithelial phagocytosis regulate hair follicle stem cell pool

Giovanni Zito, Panteleimon Rompolas, Krastan B. Blagoev, Kailin R. Mesa, Thomas Y. Sun, Samara Brown, David G. Gonzalez, Peggy Myung, Ann M. Haberman, Valentina Greco

Risultato della ricerca: Articlepeer review

68 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Tissue homeostasis is achieved through a balance of cell production (growth) and elimination (regression). In contrast to tissue growth, the cells and molecular signals required for tissue regression remain unknown. To investigate physiological tissue regression, we use the mouse hair follicle, which cycles stereotypically between phases of growth and regression while maintaining a pool of stem cells to perpetuate tissue regeneration. Here we show by intravital microscopy in live mice that the regression phase eliminates the majority of the epithelial cells by two distinct mechanisms: terminal differentiation of suprabasal cells and a spatial gradient of apoptosis of basal cells. Furthermore, we demonstrate that basal epithelial cells collectively act as phagocytes to clear dying epithelial neighbours. Through cellular and genetic ablation we show that epithelial cell death is extrinsically induced through transforming growth factor (TGF)-β activation and mesenchymal crosstalk. Strikingly, our data show that regression acts to reduce the stem cell pool, as inhibition of regression results in excess basal epithelial cells with regenerative abilities. This study identifies the cellular behaviours and molecular mechanisms of regression that counterbalance growth to maintain tissue homeostasis.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)94-97
Numero di pagine4
RivistaNature
Volume522
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

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