New oxidative derivatives of atractyligenin and their cytotoxic activity

Risultato della ricerca: Otherpeer review


ent-Kauranes are naturally occurring diterpenoids isolated from several families, such as Asteraceae and Lamiaceae. These compounds have attracted interest because of their structures and their biological activities as anti-tumorals, anti-HIV and anti-bacterials [1]. Extensive chemical work [2] was carried out on the structure of atractyligenin, the nor-diterpene aglycone of the glucoside atractyloside, occurring, together with its diterpene homologous carboxy-atractyloside, in the root of Atractylis gummifera L. (Compositae). The interest for these compounds was stimulated by the high toxicity [3] of both glucosides, responsible of many deadly poisoning in past time. Due to the 15-hydroxyl group of atractyligenin, it was possible to design a series of chemical reactions in order to build an α,β-unsaturated ketone in the kaurane skeleton. In fact, it is well know that the main determining factor responsible for cytotoxicity is the presence of an α,β-unsaturated system that likely serves as an alkylating center and can be part of an ester, ketone, or lactone moiety [4]. The same oxidative reaction carried out on atractylitriol gave unexpected products in which the allylic alcohol moiety was preserved. The cytotoxic tests of the compounds having an insaturated moiety (15-oxo-atractyligenin methyl ester and 2,15-dioxo-atractyligenin methyl ester) and of several ester derivatives of 15-oxo-atractyligenin methyl ester were performed against KB and KB-VIN tumor cell lines. They showed a good activity between 2.9–1.1µM comparable to mitomycin C (0.6µM)
Lingua originaleEnglish
Numero di pagine1
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2006


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