New insights on secondary minerals from italian sulfuric acid caves

Giuliana Madonia, Marco Vattano, Cristina Carbone, Ilenia M. D’Angeli, Jo De Waele, Maria Nagostinis, Mario Parise

Risultato della ricerca: Article

9 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Sulfuric acid minerals are important clues to identify the speleogenetic phases of hypogene caves. Italy hosts ~25% of the known worldwide sulfuric acid speleogenetic (SAS) systems, including the famous well-studied Frasassi, Monte Cucco, and Acquasanta Terme caves. Nevertheless, other underground environments have been analyzed, and interesting mineralogical assemblages were found associated with peculiar geomorphological features such as cupolas, replacement pockets, feeders, sulfuric notches, and sub-horizontal levels. In this paper, we focused on 15 cave systems located along the Apennine Chain, in Apulia, in Sicily, and in Sardinia, where copious SAS minerals were observed. Some of the studied systems (e.g., Porretta Terme, Capo Palinuro, Cassano allo Ionio, Cerchiara di Calabria, Santa Cesarea Terme) are still active, and mainly used as spas for human treatments. The most interesting and diversified mineralogical associations have been documented in Monte Cucco (Umbria) and Cavallone-Bove (Abruzzo) caves, in which the common gypsum is associated with alunite-jarosite minerals, but also with baryte, celestine, fluorite, and authigenic rutile-ilmenite-titanite. In addition, the core of alunite and jarosite, from these two systems, results enriched in PO43-, clearly suggesting hypogene hydrothermal origin. Santa Cesarea Terme, Capo Palinuro, and Acqua Mintina caves show important native sulfur deposits, which abundantly cover walls, ceilings, and speleothems. Abundant copiapite, pickeringite, tamarugite, hexahydrate assemblages have been observed in the Calabrian systems; their association with pyrite and hematite would suggest they formed in very acidic conditions with pH ranging between 0 and 4.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)271-291
Numero di pagine21
RivistaDefault journal
Volume47
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geology
  • Earth-Surface Processes

Cita questo

Madonia, G., Vattano, M., Carbone, C., D’Angeli, I. M., Waele, J. D., Nagostinis, M., & Parise, M. (2018). New insights on secondary minerals from italian sulfuric acid caves. Default journal, 47, 271-291.

New insights on secondary minerals from italian sulfuric acid caves. / Madonia, Giuliana; Vattano, Marco; Carbone, Cristina; D’Angeli, Ilenia M.; Waele, Jo De; Nagostinis, Maria; Parise, Mario.

In: Default journal, Vol. 47, 2018, pag. 271-291.

Risultato della ricerca: Article

Madonia, G, Vattano, M, Carbone, C, D’Angeli, IM, Waele, JD, Nagostinis, M & Parise, M 2018, 'New insights on secondary minerals from italian sulfuric acid caves', Default journal, vol. 47, pagg. 271-291.
Madonia G, Vattano M, Carbone C, D’Angeli IM, Waele JD, Nagostinis M e altri. New insights on secondary minerals from italian sulfuric acid caves. Default journal. 2018;47:271-291.
Madonia, Giuliana ; Vattano, Marco ; Carbone, Cristina ; D’Angeli, Ilenia M. ; Waele, Jo De ; Nagostinis, Maria ; Parise, Mario. / New insights on secondary minerals from italian sulfuric acid caves. In: Default journal. 2018 ; Vol. 47. pagg. 271-291.
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T1 - New insights on secondary minerals from italian sulfuric acid caves

AU - Madonia, Giuliana

AU - Vattano, Marco

AU - Carbone, Cristina

AU - D’Angeli, Ilenia M.

AU - Waele, Jo De

AU - Nagostinis, Maria

AU - Parise, Mario

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - Sulfuric acid minerals are important clues to identify the speleogenetic phases of hypogene caves. Italy hosts ~25% of the known worldwide sulfuric acid speleogenetic (SAS) systems, including the famous well-studied Frasassi, Monte Cucco, and Acquasanta Terme caves. Nevertheless, other underground environments have been analyzed, and interesting mineralogical assemblages were found associated with peculiar geomorphological features such as cupolas, replacement pockets, feeders, sulfuric notches, and sub-horizontal levels. In this paper, we focused on 15 cave systems located along the Apennine Chain, in Apulia, in Sicily, and in Sardinia, where copious SAS minerals were observed. Some of the studied systems (e.g., Porretta Terme, Capo Palinuro, Cassano allo Ionio, Cerchiara di Calabria, Santa Cesarea Terme) are still active, and mainly used as spas for human treatments. The most interesting and diversified mineralogical associations have been documented in Monte Cucco (Umbria) and Cavallone-Bove (Abruzzo) caves, in which the common gypsum is associated with alunite-jarosite minerals, but also with baryte, celestine, fluorite, and authigenic rutile-ilmenite-titanite. In addition, the core of alunite and jarosite, from these two systems, results enriched in PO43-, clearly suggesting hypogene hydrothermal origin. Santa Cesarea Terme, Capo Palinuro, and Acqua Mintina caves show important native sulfur deposits, which abundantly cover walls, ceilings, and speleothems. Abundant copiapite, pickeringite, tamarugite, hexahydrate assemblages have been observed in the Calabrian systems; their association with pyrite and hematite would suggest they formed in very acidic conditions with pH ranging between 0 and 4.

AB - Sulfuric acid minerals are important clues to identify the speleogenetic phases of hypogene caves. Italy hosts ~25% of the known worldwide sulfuric acid speleogenetic (SAS) systems, including the famous well-studied Frasassi, Monte Cucco, and Acquasanta Terme caves. Nevertheless, other underground environments have been analyzed, and interesting mineralogical assemblages were found associated with peculiar geomorphological features such as cupolas, replacement pockets, feeders, sulfuric notches, and sub-horizontal levels. In this paper, we focused on 15 cave systems located along the Apennine Chain, in Apulia, in Sicily, and in Sardinia, where copious SAS minerals were observed. Some of the studied systems (e.g., Porretta Terme, Capo Palinuro, Cassano allo Ionio, Cerchiara di Calabria, Santa Cesarea Terme) are still active, and mainly used as spas for human treatments. The most interesting and diversified mineralogical associations have been documented in Monte Cucco (Umbria) and Cavallone-Bove (Abruzzo) caves, in which the common gypsum is associated with alunite-jarosite minerals, but also with baryte, celestine, fluorite, and authigenic rutile-ilmenite-titanite. In addition, the core of alunite and jarosite, from these two systems, results enriched in PO43-, clearly suggesting hypogene hydrothermal origin. Santa Cesarea Terme, Capo Palinuro, and Acqua Mintina caves show important native sulfur deposits, which abundantly cover walls, ceilings, and speleothems. Abundant copiapite, pickeringite, tamarugite, hexahydrate assemblages have been observed in the Calabrian systems; their association with pyrite and hematite would suggest they formed in very acidic conditions with pH ranging between 0 and 4.

KW - Apennine chain

KW - Cave sulfates

KW - Earth-Surface Processes

KW - Geology

KW - Hypogene

KW - Mineralogy

KW - Rising waters

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/331515

UR - https://scholarcommons.usf.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=2175&context=ijs

M3 - Article

VL - 47

SP - 271

EP - 291

JO - Default journal

JF - Default journal

ER -