Neurological aspects of medical use of cannabidiol

Elvira Ventura Spagnolo, Fabrizio Calapai, Michele Navarra, Francesco P. Busardò, Roberto D. Cas, Francesca M. Ippolito, Carmen Mannucci, Gioacchino Calapai, Gioacchino Calapai, Michele Navarra

Risultato della ricerca: Article

24 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Cannabidiol (CBD) is among the major secondary metabolites of Cannabis devoid of the delta-9-tetra-hydrocannabinol psychoactive effects. It is a resorcinol-based compound with a broad spectrum of potential therapeutic properties, including neuroprotective effects in numerous pathological conditions. CBD neuroprotection is due to its antioxidant and antiinflammatory activities and the modulation of a large number of brain biological targets (receptors, channels) involved in the development and maintenance of neurodegenerative diseases. Objective: The aim of the present review was to describe the state of art about the pre-clinical research, the potential use and, when existing, the clinical evidence related to CBD in the neurological field. Method: Collection of all the pre-clinical and clinical findings carried out investigating the effects of CBD alone, not in combination with other substances, in the neurological arena with the exclusion of studies on neuropsychiatric disorders. Results: Laboratory and clinical studies on the potential role of CBD in Parkinsonâs disease (PD), Alzheimerâs disease (AD), multiple sclerosis (MS), Huntingtonâs disease (HD), amyotrophic lateral sclerosis ALS), cerebral ischemia, were examined. Conclusion: Pre-clinical evidence largely shows that CBD can produce beneficial effects in AD, PD and MS patients, but its employment for these disorders needs further confirmation from well designed clinical studies. CBD pre-clinical demonstration of antiepileptic activity is supported by recent clinical studies in human epileptic subjects resistant to standard antiepileptic drugs showing its potential use in children and young adults affected by refractory epilepsy. Evidence for use of CBD in PD is still not supported by sufficient data whereas only a few studies including a small number of patients are available.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)541-553
Numero di pagine13
RivistaCNS & NEUROLOGICAL DISORDERS. DRUG TARGETS
Volume16
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2017

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Pharmacology

Cita questo

Ventura Spagnolo, E., Calapai, F., Navarra, M., Busardò, F. P., Cas, R. D., Ippolito, F. M., Mannucci, C., Calapai, G., Calapai, G., & Navarra, M. (2017). Neurological aspects of medical use of cannabidiol. CNS & NEUROLOGICAL DISORDERS. DRUG TARGETS, 16, 541-553.