Platyrrhini are a group of Neotropical primates living in central and south America, and have been extensively studiedthrough morphological and molecular data in order to shed light on their phylogeny and evolution. Agreement on themain clades of Neotropical primates has been reached using different approaches, but many phylogenetic nodesremain under discussion. Contrasting hypotheses have been proposed, presumably due to different markers and thepresence of polymorphisms in the features considered; furthermore, neither Neotropical primate biodiversity nor theirtaxonomy are entirely known. In our perspective, a cytogenetic approach can help by making an important contribution to the evaluation of the phylogenetic relationships among Platyrrhini. In this work, molecular cytogenetic dataregarding the principal nodes of the Neotropical monkey tree have been reviewed; classical cytogenetic data have alsobeen considered, especially when other data have proven elusive, permitting us to discuss highly derived karyotypescharacterized by a wide range of diploid numbers of chromosomes and variable chromosomal evolution with differentrearrangement and polymorphism rates.
|Numero di pagine||18|
|Rivista||THE EUROPEAN ZOOLOGICAL JOURNAL|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2017|
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