‘In the most shining scenary of colors’ Goethe and the discovery of paradise in Naples / After visiting Rome, in February 1787, J.W. Goethe come to Naples where: «the atmosphere became more and more pure, were now in another land». In the second half of the eighteenth century, in Europa the poet of Frankfurt certainly represents the best of the advisers of myth of paradise in Naples and Campania, in Sicily too and therefore in the South of Italy, both for their luxuriant nature and for abundance of classical antiquities. In Rome Goethe had foretaste the fruit of this paradise, but it’s only to Naples and its territory that realizes of being in another, totally different from the countries of the northern countries. This paper investigates the discovery by Goethe of the Campania and the identification in this land of heaven, where nature primeval with Vesuvius (at the time of Goethe’s visit activites), the landscapes of extraordinary beauty (although during the winter season), the archaeological remains, first to Pompeii, Herculaneum and Paestum (already affected by excavations, even in part systematic), as well as collection in royal and private museums, were the testimony of «the most prodigious country in the world». With Goethe was born the need to visit the South of Italy as “Magna Grecia”, where the archaeological remains are impressive for their power and proportions, and so for them imposes the obligation of preservation. Many of these place were already known from other travel accounts, including that of his father J. Casper, who had visited Italy in 1740, but only after he had personally made this discovery, he is aware of being in paradise that is need to know: they show him the light, the colors, the fruits, the atmosphere and even the same Vesuvius, which he can see a flow, with a few danger and a lot of emotions. For a man shaped by classical culture, the South of Italy is heaven an earth for the quantity and especially the quality of the finds and the remains of classical architecture. Thanks to Goethe the western world develops the myth of the Italy and mainly South of Italy as landscape and archaeological paradise, that still attract many visitors, driven by the desire to know too, to know, to get able to live, in short, to be reborn.
|Titolo della pubblicazione ospite||La Baia di Napoli Strategie per la conservazione e la fruizione del paesaggio culturale|
|Numero di pagine||5|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2017|
Scaduto, R. (2017). "Nel più fulgido scenario di colori” Goethe e la scoperta del paradiso a Napoli. In La Baia di Napoli Strategie per la conservazione e la fruizione del paesaggio culturale (pagg. 404-408)