We report 2 asymptomatic homozygotes for the nonsense p.R462X mutation affecting the carboxy-terminus of coagulation factor VII (FVII, 466 aminoacids). FVII levels of 3-5% and 2.7 ± 0.4% were found in prothrombin time-based and activated factor X (FXa) generation assays with human thromboplastins. Noticeably, FVII antigen levels were barely detectable (0.7 ± 0.2%) which suggested a gain-of-function effect. This effect was more pronounced with bovine thromboplastin (4.8 ± 0.9%) and disappeared with rabbit thromboplastin (0.7 ± 0.2%). This suggests that the mutation influences tissue factor/FVII interactions. Whereas the recombinant rFVII-462X variant confirmed an increase in specific activity (~400%), a panel of nonsense (p.P466X, p.F465X, p.P464X, p.A463X) and missense (p.R462A, p.R462Q, p.R462W) mutations of the FVII carboxy-terminus resulted in reduced secretion but normal specific activity. These data provide evidence for counteracting pleiotropic effects of the p.R462X mutation, which explains the asymptomatic FVII deficiency, and contributes to our understanding of the role of the highly variable carboxy-terminus of coagulation serine proteases.
|Numero di pagine||5|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2012|