National, regional, and global trends in adult overweight and obesity prevalences

Carlo Maria Barbagallo, Goodarz Danaei, Leanne Riley, Mariel M. Finucane, Melanie Cowan, Adil N. Bahalim, Hialy R. Gutierrez, Russell K. Mcintire, John K. Lin, Yuan Lu, Farshad Farzadfar, Christopher J. Paciorek, Gitanjali M. Singh, Majid Ezzati, Gretchen A. Stevens

Risultato della ricerca: Article

476 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity prevalence are commonly used for public and policy communication of the extent of the obesity epidemic, yet comparable estimates of trends in overweight and obesity prevalence by country are not available.METHODS: We estimated trends between 1980 and 2008 in overweight and obesity prevalence and their uncertainty for adults 20 years of age and older in 199 countries and territories. Data were from a previous study, which used a Bayesian hierarchical model to estimate mean body mass index (BMI) based on published and unpublished health examination surveys and epidemiologic studies. Here, we used the estimated mean BMIs in a regression model to predict overweight and obesity prevalence by age, country, year, and sex. The uncertainty of the estimates included both those of the Bayesian hierarchical model and the uncertainty due to cross-walking from mean BMI to overweight and obesity prevalence.RESULTS: The global age-standardized prevalence of obesity nearly doubled from 6.4% (95% uncertainty interval 5.7-7.2%) in 1980 to 12.0% (11.5-12.5%) in 2008. Half of this rise occurred in the 20 years between 1980 and 2000, and half occurred in the 8 years between 2000 and 2008. The age-standardized prevalence of overweight increased from 24.6% (22.7-26.7%) to 34.4% (33.2-35.5%) during the same 28-year period. In 2008, female obesity prevalence ranged from 1.4% (0.7-2.2%) in Bangladesh and 1.5% (0.9-2.4%) in Madagascar to 70.4% (61.9-78.9%) in Tonga and 74.8% (66.7-82.1%) in Nauru. Male obesity was below 1% in Bangladesh, Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Ethiopia, and was highest in Cook Islands (60.1%, 52.6-67.6%) and Nauru (67.9%, 60.5-75.0%).CONCLUSIONS: Globally, the prevalence of overweight and obesity has increased since 1980, and the increase has accelerated. Although obesity increased in most countries, levels and trends varied substantially. These data on trends in overweight and obesity may be used to set targets for obesity prevalence as requested at the United Nations high-level meeting on Prevention and Control of NCDs.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)22-38
Numero di pagine17
RivistaPopulation Health Metrics
Volume10
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2012

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Obesity
Uncertainty
Micronesia
Bangladesh
Tonga
Body Mass Index
Polynesia
Madagascar
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Ethiopia
United Nations
Public Policy
Health Surveys
Walking
Epidemiologic Studies

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Epidemiology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cita questo

Barbagallo, C. M., Danaei, G., Riley, L., Finucane, M. M., Cowan, M., Bahalim, A. N., ... Stevens, G. A. (2012). National, regional, and global trends in adult overweight and obesity prevalences. Population Health Metrics, 10, 22-38.

National, regional, and global trends in adult overweight and obesity prevalences. / Barbagallo, Carlo Maria; Danaei, Goodarz; Riley, Leanne; Finucane, Mariel M.; Cowan, Melanie; Bahalim, Adil N.; Gutierrez, Hialy R.; Mcintire, Russell K.; Lin, John K.; Lu, Yuan; Farzadfar, Farshad; Paciorek, Christopher J.; Singh, Gitanjali M.; Ezzati, Majid; Stevens, Gretchen A.

In: Population Health Metrics, Vol. 10, 2012, pag. 22-38.

Risultato della ricerca: Article

Barbagallo, CM, Danaei, G, Riley, L, Finucane, MM, Cowan, M, Bahalim, AN, Gutierrez, HR, Mcintire, RK, Lin, JK, Lu, Y, Farzadfar, F, Paciorek, CJ, Singh, GM, Ezzati, M & Stevens, GA 2012, 'National, regional, and global trends in adult overweight and obesity prevalences', Population Health Metrics, vol. 10, pagg. 22-38.
Barbagallo CM, Danaei G, Riley L, Finucane MM, Cowan M, Bahalim AN e altri. National, regional, and global trends in adult overweight and obesity prevalences. Population Health Metrics. 2012;10:22-38.
Barbagallo, Carlo Maria ; Danaei, Goodarz ; Riley, Leanne ; Finucane, Mariel M. ; Cowan, Melanie ; Bahalim, Adil N. ; Gutierrez, Hialy R. ; Mcintire, Russell K. ; Lin, John K. ; Lu, Yuan ; Farzadfar, Farshad ; Paciorek, Christopher J. ; Singh, Gitanjali M. ; Ezzati, Majid ; Stevens, Gretchen A. / National, regional, and global trends in adult overweight and obesity prevalences. In: Population Health Metrics. 2012 ; Vol. 10. pagg. 22-38.
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title = "National, regional, and global trends in adult overweight and obesity prevalences",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity prevalence are commonly used for public and policy communication of the extent of the obesity epidemic, yet comparable estimates of trends in overweight and obesity prevalence by country are not available.METHODS: We estimated trends between 1980 and 2008 in overweight and obesity prevalence and their uncertainty for adults 20 years of age and older in 199 countries and territories. Data were from a previous study, which used a Bayesian hierarchical model to estimate mean body mass index (BMI) based on published and unpublished health examination surveys and epidemiologic studies. Here, we used the estimated mean BMIs in a regression model to predict overweight and obesity prevalence by age, country, year, and sex. The uncertainty of the estimates included both those of the Bayesian hierarchical model and the uncertainty due to cross-walking from mean BMI to overweight and obesity prevalence.RESULTS: The global age-standardized prevalence of obesity nearly doubled from 6.4{\%} (95{\%} uncertainty interval 5.7-7.2{\%}) in 1980 to 12.0{\%} (11.5-12.5{\%}) in 2008. Half of this rise occurred in the 20 years between 1980 and 2000, and half occurred in the 8 years between 2000 and 2008. The age-standardized prevalence of overweight increased from 24.6{\%} (22.7-26.7{\%}) to 34.4{\%} (33.2-35.5{\%}) during the same 28-year period. In 2008, female obesity prevalence ranged from 1.4{\%} (0.7-2.2{\%}) in Bangladesh and 1.5{\%} (0.9-2.4{\%}) in Madagascar to 70.4{\%} (61.9-78.9{\%}) in Tonga and 74.8{\%} (66.7-82.1{\%}) in Nauru. Male obesity was below 1{\%} in Bangladesh, Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Ethiopia, and was highest in Cook Islands (60.1{\%}, 52.6-67.6{\%}) and Nauru (67.9{\%}, 60.5-75.0{\%}).CONCLUSIONS: Globally, the prevalence of overweight and obesity has increased since 1980, and the increase has accelerated. Although obesity increased in most countries, levels and trends varied substantially. These data on trends in overweight and obesity may be used to set targets for obesity prevalence as requested at the United Nations high-level meeting on Prevention and Control of NCDs.",
author = "Barbagallo, {Carlo Maria} and Goodarz Danaei and Leanne Riley and Finucane, {Mariel M.} and Melanie Cowan and Bahalim, {Adil N.} and Gutierrez, {Hialy R.} and Mcintire, {Russell K.} and Lin, {John K.} and Yuan Lu and Farshad Farzadfar and Paciorek, {Christopher J.} and Singh, {Gitanjali M.} and Majid Ezzati and Stevens, {Gretchen A.}",
year = "2012",
language = "English",
volume = "10",
pages = "22--38",
journal = "Population Health Metrics",
issn = "1478-7954",
publisher = "BioMed Central",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - National, regional, and global trends in adult overweight and obesity prevalences

AU - Barbagallo, Carlo Maria

AU - Danaei, Goodarz

AU - Riley, Leanne

AU - Finucane, Mariel M.

AU - Cowan, Melanie

AU - Bahalim, Adil N.

AU - Gutierrez, Hialy R.

AU - Mcintire, Russell K.

AU - Lin, John K.

AU - Lu, Yuan

AU - Farzadfar, Farshad

AU - Paciorek, Christopher J.

AU - Singh, Gitanjali M.

AU - Ezzati, Majid

AU - Stevens, Gretchen A.

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity prevalence are commonly used for public and policy communication of the extent of the obesity epidemic, yet comparable estimates of trends in overweight and obesity prevalence by country are not available.METHODS: We estimated trends between 1980 and 2008 in overweight and obesity prevalence and their uncertainty for adults 20 years of age and older in 199 countries and territories. Data were from a previous study, which used a Bayesian hierarchical model to estimate mean body mass index (BMI) based on published and unpublished health examination surveys and epidemiologic studies. Here, we used the estimated mean BMIs in a regression model to predict overweight and obesity prevalence by age, country, year, and sex. The uncertainty of the estimates included both those of the Bayesian hierarchical model and the uncertainty due to cross-walking from mean BMI to overweight and obesity prevalence.RESULTS: The global age-standardized prevalence of obesity nearly doubled from 6.4% (95% uncertainty interval 5.7-7.2%) in 1980 to 12.0% (11.5-12.5%) in 2008. Half of this rise occurred in the 20 years between 1980 and 2000, and half occurred in the 8 years between 2000 and 2008. The age-standardized prevalence of overweight increased from 24.6% (22.7-26.7%) to 34.4% (33.2-35.5%) during the same 28-year period. In 2008, female obesity prevalence ranged from 1.4% (0.7-2.2%) in Bangladesh and 1.5% (0.9-2.4%) in Madagascar to 70.4% (61.9-78.9%) in Tonga and 74.8% (66.7-82.1%) in Nauru. Male obesity was below 1% in Bangladesh, Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Ethiopia, and was highest in Cook Islands (60.1%, 52.6-67.6%) and Nauru (67.9%, 60.5-75.0%).CONCLUSIONS: Globally, the prevalence of overweight and obesity has increased since 1980, and the increase has accelerated. Although obesity increased in most countries, levels and trends varied substantially. These data on trends in overweight and obesity may be used to set targets for obesity prevalence as requested at the United Nations high-level meeting on Prevention and Control of NCDs.

AB - BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity prevalence are commonly used for public and policy communication of the extent of the obesity epidemic, yet comparable estimates of trends in overweight and obesity prevalence by country are not available.METHODS: We estimated trends between 1980 and 2008 in overweight and obesity prevalence and their uncertainty for adults 20 years of age and older in 199 countries and territories. Data were from a previous study, which used a Bayesian hierarchical model to estimate mean body mass index (BMI) based on published and unpublished health examination surveys and epidemiologic studies. Here, we used the estimated mean BMIs in a regression model to predict overweight and obesity prevalence by age, country, year, and sex. The uncertainty of the estimates included both those of the Bayesian hierarchical model and the uncertainty due to cross-walking from mean BMI to overweight and obesity prevalence.RESULTS: The global age-standardized prevalence of obesity nearly doubled from 6.4% (95% uncertainty interval 5.7-7.2%) in 1980 to 12.0% (11.5-12.5%) in 2008. Half of this rise occurred in the 20 years between 1980 and 2000, and half occurred in the 8 years between 2000 and 2008. The age-standardized prevalence of overweight increased from 24.6% (22.7-26.7%) to 34.4% (33.2-35.5%) during the same 28-year period. In 2008, female obesity prevalence ranged from 1.4% (0.7-2.2%) in Bangladesh and 1.5% (0.9-2.4%) in Madagascar to 70.4% (61.9-78.9%) in Tonga and 74.8% (66.7-82.1%) in Nauru. Male obesity was below 1% in Bangladesh, Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Ethiopia, and was highest in Cook Islands (60.1%, 52.6-67.6%) and Nauru (67.9%, 60.5-75.0%).CONCLUSIONS: Globally, the prevalence of overweight and obesity has increased since 1980, and the increase has accelerated. Although obesity increased in most countries, levels and trends varied substantially. These data on trends in overweight and obesity may be used to set targets for obesity prevalence as requested at the United Nations high-level meeting on Prevention and Control of NCDs.

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M3 - Article

VL - 10

SP - 22

EP - 38

JO - Population Health Metrics

JF - Population Health Metrics

SN - 1478-7954

ER -