The integration of graphene (Gr) with nitride semiconductors is highly interesting for applications in high-power/high-frequency electronics and optoelectronics. In this work, we demonstrated the direct growth of Gr on Al0.5Ga0.5N/sapphire templates by propane (C3H8) chemical vapor deposition at a temperature of 1350 ◦C. After optimization of the C3H8 flow rate, a uniform and conformal Gr coverage was achieved, which proved beneficial to prevent degradation of AlGaN morphology. X-ray photoemission spectroscopy revealed Ga loss and partial oxidation of Al in the near-surface AlGaN region. Such chemical modification of a ~2 nm thick AlGaN surface region was confirmed by cross-sectional scanning transmission electron microscopy combined with electron energy loss spectroscopy, which also showed the presence of a bilayer of Gr with partial sp2/sp3 hybridization. Raman spectra indicated that the deposited Gr is nanocrystalline (with domain size ~7 nm) and compressively strained. A Gr sheet resistance of ~15.8 kΩ sq-1 was evaluated by four-point-probe measurements, consistently with the nanocrystalline nature of these films. Furthermore, nanoscale resolution current mapping by conductive atomic force microscopy indicated local variations of the Gr carrier density at a mesoscopic scale, which can be ascribed to changes in the charge transfer from the substrate due to local oxidation of AlGaN or to the presence of Gr wrinkles.
|Numero di pagine||11|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2020|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering