Naming speed and effortful and automatic inhibition in children with arithmetic learning disabilities.

Antonella D'Amico, Maria Chiara Passolunghi

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41 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

We report a two-year longitudinal study aimed at investigating the rate of access to numerical and nonnumerical information in long-term memory and the functioning of automatic and effortful cognitive inhibition processes in children with arithmetical learning disabilities (ALDs). Twelve children with ALDs, of age 9.3 years, and twelve gender–age-matched controls were involved in the study. Rate of access was measured through digit- and letter-naming tasks, automatic cognitive inhibition was measured using a negative priming paradigm, and effortful cognitive inhibition was measured rating intrusion errors in a working memory task. Children with ALDs suffered from a deficit in the speed of activating both numerical and non-numerical information from long-term memory and in effortful inhibition mechanisms. No evidence for dysfunction of the automatic inhibition processes was found.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)170-180
Numero di pagine0
RivistaLearning and Individual Differences
Volume19
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2009

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Learning Disorders
learning disability
Long-Term Memory
longitudinal study
deficit
rating
paradigm
Short-Term Memory
gender
Longitudinal Studies
evidence
Inhibition (Psychology)

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Education

Cita questo

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AU - Passolunghi, Maria Chiara

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AB - We report a two-year longitudinal study aimed at investigating the rate of access to numerical and nonnumerical information in long-term memory and the functioning of automatic and effortful cognitive inhibition processes in children with arithmetical learning disabilities (ALDs). Twelve children with ALDs, of age 9.3 years, and twelve gender–age-matched controls were involved in the study. Rate of access was measured through digit- and letter-naming tasks, automatic cognitive inhibition was measured using a negative priming paradigm, and effortful cognitive inhibition was measured rating intrusion errors in a working memory task. Children with ALDs suffered from a deficit in the speed of activating both numerical and non-numerical information from long-term memory and in effortful inhibition mechanisms. No evidence for dysfunction of the automatic inhibition processes was found.

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JF - Learning and Individual Differences

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