Multislice multiecho T2* cardiovascular magnetic resonance for detection of the heterogeneous distribution of myocardial iron overload.

Massimo Midiri, Daniele De Marchi, Alessia Pepe, Luigi Landini, Vincenzo Positano, Maria Filomena Santarelli, Aurelio Maggio, Massimo Lombardi, Alessia Pepe, Eliana Cracolici, Fortunato Sorrentino

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Abstract

Purpose: To assess the tissue iron concentration of the left ventricle (LV) using a multislice, multiecho T2* MR technique and a segmental analysis. Materials and Methods: T2* multiecho MRI was performed in 53 thalassemia major patients. Three short-axis views of the LV were obtained and analyzed with custom-written software. The myocardium was automatically segmented into 12 segments. The T2* value on each segment as well as the global T2* value were calculated. Cine dynamic images were also obtained to evaluate biventricular function parameters by quantitative analysis. Results: For the T2* global value, the coefficient of variation (CoV) for intra-/interobserver and interstudy reproducibility was 3.9% (r = 0.98), 5.5% (r = 0.98), and 4.7% (r = 0.99) respectively. Three groups were identified based on analysis of myocardial T2*: homogeneous (21%), heterogeneous (38%), and no myocardial iron overload (41%). The mean serum ferritin, liver iron concentration, and urinary iron excretion were significantly different among the groups. We did not find significant differences among groups in biventricular function. There was a correlation between the global T2* value and the T2* value in the mid-ventricular septum (r = 0.95, P < 0.0001). Conclusion: Multislice multiecho T2* MRI provides a non-invasive, fast, reproducible means of assessing myocardial iron distribution. The single measurement of mid-septal T2* correlated well with the global T2* value.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)662-668
Numero di pagine7
RivistaJournal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Volume23
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2006

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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Midiri, M., De Marchi, D., Pepe, A., Landini, L., Positano, V., Santarelli, M. F., Maggio, A., Lombardi, M., Pepe, A., Cracolici, E., & Sorrentino, F. (2006). Multislice multiecho T2* cardiovascular magnetic resonance for detection of the heterogeneous distribution of myocardial iron overload. Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging, 23, 662-668.