Multi-wavelength diagnostics of accretion in an X-ray selected sample of CTTSs

Risultato della ricerca: Other

Abstract

The majority of CTTSs observed to date with high spectral resolution X-ray spectroscopy reveal soft X-ray emission (E<0.7 KeV) which originates from cool (1-5 MK), high density (n ˜ 10^{11}-10^{13} cm^{-3}) plasma. This is currently interpreted to be due to mass accretion. Supporting this interpretation is the fact that this plasma component is too dense to have a coronal origin, and it has never been observed in non-accreting stars. Synthesized X-ray spectra from detailed hydrodynamical modelling of the interaction between the accretion flow and the stellar chromosphere also confirm this interpretation. However, the mass accretion rates derived from X-ray data are consistently underestimated when compared to mass accretion rates derived from UV/optical data. We test the hypothesis that this soft X-ray emission originates from accretion by analysing optical, NIR and X-ray data for an X-ray selected sample of CTTSs. We derive mass accretion rates for the sample based on Hα, He I, O I and Ca II emission lines, along with the X-ray data. We draw comparisons between these mass accretion rates to understand the underestimation of the X-ray derived mass accretion rates. We discuss the possibilities of a) the X-ray emission being partially absorbed, b) the optical/NIR emission arising from different parts of the accretion stream and c) the uncertainties involved in the estimation of the mass accretion rates from different spectroscopic diagnostics.
Lingua originaleEnglish
Numero di pagine0
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2009

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