Multi-physical modelling of reverse electrodialysis

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28 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Reverse electrodialysis (RED) is an electrochemical membrane process that directly converts the energy associated with the concentration difference between two salt solutions into electrical energy by means of a selective controlled mixing. The physics of RED involves the interaction of several phenomena of different nature and space-time scales. Therefore, mathematical modelling and numerical simulation tools are crucial for performance prediction. In this work, a multi-physical modelling approach for the simulation of RED units was developed. A periodic portion of a single cell pair was simulated in two dimensions. Fluid dynamics was simulated by the Navier-Stokes and continuity equations, and ion transfer by the Nernst–Planck approach along with the local electroneutrality condition. The Donnan exclusion theory was implemented in order to simulate interfacial phenomena. A sensitivity analysis of the process performance was carried out. Different membrane/channel geometrical configurations were investigated, including flat membranes, either with or without non-conductive spacers, and profiled membranes. The influence of feeds concentration/velocity was also evaluated. Results confirmed that, with respect to the ideal case of plane (empty) channels and planar membranes, non-conductive spacers always reduce the power produced, while profiled membranes may or may not perform better, depending on stack features and operating conditions.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)52-64
Numero di pagine13
RivistaDESALINATION
Volume423
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

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  • ???subjectarea.asjc.1500.1500???
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  • Water Science and Technology
  • Mechanical Engineering

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