Mud volcanoes as key-systems to investigate continental degassing andtherole of seismicity on mass transfer

Risultato della ricerca: Otherpeer review

Abstract

The flow of fluids into the Earth’s crust can produce large-scale heat and mass transport. The mechanisms anddriving forces for this fluid-transport range from molecular diffusion, to grain boundary diffusion and to advectiveflow. Recent studies [Torgersen,2010 and references therein] suggest that largescale vertical transport of fluidsin the continental crust is likely advective and episodic. So it is crucial to understand if the variability of themeasured degassing flux is a reflection of this episodic and advective transport.Here we try to answer these questions by using the noble gases. In particularly He that is recognized as a powerfultracer in variousfields, such as hydrology, hydrocarbon exploration, mantle processes [Burnard, 2013]. Degassingof He produced in the crust mainly consists of two stages that act on different scales: (1) the release of volatilesfrom the mineral/rocks and (2) their transport toward the surface [Burnard, 2013]. Tectonic deformation of rockscan rupture mineral grains, cause pervasive fracturing, increase effective porosity, open new fault zone. Theseprocesses lead to a release of accumulated geogenic gases (e.g. He) trapped in immobile porosity and/or mineralgrains to adjacent fracture networks, which allow transport through the system.We have developed our study in the central Apennines, which is a seismically active region. We investigate theoutgassing of He from two mud volcanoes systems(Nirano and Regnano) since the geographical distance fromactive volcanic systems and the typical radiogenic He isotope signatureindicate the crustal origin of the outgassingvolatiles.Furthermore in this area aseismic sequence (Mw 6.1) occurred on 2012 May at shallow depths (about7–9 km).We have compared both in situ 4He production and 4He from an external crustal flux, with the helium contained inthe Nirano-Regnano natural hydrocarbon reservoirs. Our model uses a high precision basin volume reconstructionbased on the geological-map data and calibrated by using data from deep wells. Our results indicatea higheramount of helium in the reservoir than one could expect. So this studysupport that He that is released by rockfracturing contributes to the amount of He emitted from these mud volcanoes.This approach furnish new tools for the use of natural degassingas tool to monitor and investigate the state ofstress and strain in Earth materials and the effect of deformation on material transport properties.
Lingua originaleEnglish
Numero di pagine1
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2018

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