Comparing with the tractor-trailer systems for the road haulage, which must cope with some typical undesired trends,such as high-speed instability, over- or under-steering and off-tracking, the multi-trailer systems for the transport ofluggage in the airports or in the railway stations, or for the transfer of goods in the warehouses, run at quite low speeds,but must manage to steer clear of the many obstacles encountered along their path. This type of vehicle is not subject totire cornering phenomena, because the speed is just low and the wheels are generally stiff. Hence, the vehicle movementis in practice ruled by the non-holonomic rolling constraint of the wheels and by the steering device mounted on thetrailers, which may consist in drawbars integrated with the front axles and rotating around a central pin (dolly-semitrailersystems), or else in roulettes set back with respect to their vertical connection pins to the trailer chassis (caster-trailersystems). The present analysis addresses all the interconnected aspects of the mechanical behaviour of these types ofmulti-trailer systems in an organic whole, starting from the kinematical analysis of the possible paths and their stability,giving guidelines for the proper layout of the vehicle units to eliminate the steady off-track, and ending with the calculationof the traction forces through the various links and the road forces at the ground prints, in order to gaininformation useful to check the stress state of the various structural elements.
|Numero di pagine||21|
|Rivista||PROCEEDINGS OF THE INSTITUTION OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS. PART C, JOURNAL OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING SCIENCE|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2019|
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