Motility and acoustic signals of the decapod Cherax destructor

Mirella Vazzana, Manuela Mauro, Clarissa De Vita, Calogera Maria Ceraulo, Giuseppa Buscaino

Risultato della ricerca: Conference contribution

Abstract

The present study examined for the first time the sound production and motility of the freshwater decapod crustacean Cherax destructor. An acoustic and video system was used to monitor the behavior of 10 individual (5 males and 5 females) in an experimental tank. Video data were used to analyze three motility variables (velocity, distance moved, and angular velocity). Acoustic data were analyzed to obtain abundance and these acoustic parameters: duration, 1st and 2nd peak frequency, sound pressure level (SPL) and the bandwidth. Both males and females produced short-duration pulses that could be grouped into three categories, high, medium, and low frequency. Males showed a higher rate of emission of mid-frequency sounds than females. The sounds emitted by females had significantly higher 1st and 2nd peak frequencies (Mean± DS: F1= 23±32 kHz; F2= 17±20 kHz) than males (F1= 10±15 kHz Mean± DS; F2= 11±16 kHz), sound duration was also higher in females (10±7 ms) than in males (8±4 ms), otherwise, SPL was higher in males (133±5 dB re 1μParms) than in females (132±7 dBre 1 μParms). Concerning the motility, there is no particular differences in velocity and distance moved, on the contrary, angular velocity was greater in males (21±39 deg/s) than in females (18±41 deg/s). This study is part of a wider one on the behaviour associated with the production of sounds by these animals observed both individually and in groups and on the behavioural and biochemical responses to potential sources of anthropogenic noise disturbance.
Lingua originaleEnglish
Titolo della pubblicazione ospiteWEBINAR GIORNATE INTERDISCIPLINARI DI ZOOLOGIA 2021 SIMPOSIO “GIOVANI RICERCATORI UZI” ELENCO CONTRIBUTI
Pagine8-8
Numero di pagine1
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2021

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