Morphological and Chemical Evolution of Gradually Deposited Diamond-Like Carbon Films on Polyethylene Terephthalate: From Subplantation Processes to Structural Reorganization by Intrinsic Stress Release Phenomena

Franco Mario Gelardi, Simonpietro Agnello, Alberto Catena, Michael R. Kunze, Qiaochu Guo, Qiaochu Guo, Stefan Wehner, Christian B. Fischer

Risultato della ricerca: Article

14 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Diamond-like carbon (DLC) films on polyethylene terephthalate (PET) are nowadays intensively studied composites due to their excellent gas barrier properties and biocompatibility. Despite their applicative features being highly explored, the interface properties and structural film evolution of DLC coatings on PET during deposition processes are still sparsely investigated. In this study two different types of DLC films were gradually deposited on PET by radio frequency plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition (RF-PECVD) using acetylene plasma. The surface morphology of the deposited samples has been analyzed by atomic force microscopy (AFM). Their chemical composition was investigated by diffusive reflectance infrared Fourier transform (DRIFT) and Raman spectroscopy analysis and the surface wettability by contact angle measurements. Subplantation processes and interface effects are revealed through the morphological and chemical analysis of both types. During plasma deposition processes the increasing carbon load causes the rise of intrinsic film stress. It is proven that stress release phenomena cause the transition between polymer-like to a more cross-linked DLC network by folding dehydrogenated chains into closed 6-fold rings. These findings significantly lead to an enhanced understanding in DLC film growth mechanism by RF-PECVD processes.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)10636-10646
Numero di pagine11
RivistaACS APPLIED MATERIALS & INTERFACES
Volume8
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2016

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)

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