MONITORING OF ATYPICAL ANTIPSYCHOTICDRUGS SUPPLIED BY THE PHARMACY OF FRATELLIPARLAPIANO HOSPITAL, RIBERA (AG), ITALY

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Abstract

Mental disorders are among the worst and widespread health problems, they are associated with important repercussions on the psychosocial sphere and to high economic costs.Antipsychotic drugs used in treatments of these pathologies belong to different chemical classes, but associated to biochemicaleffects, pharmacological, and in part super imposable. A retrospective survey has been led on external patients, they were under antipsychotic drug treatments already in thearchive and arrived to the attention of the Pharmacy of the F.lliParlapiano Hospital, Ribera (AG), Italy in 2013. For eachpatient have been extrapolated: gender, date of birth, placeof residence, ICD-9CM, pharmacological therapy, and prescribingcentre. Collected data have been calculated throughMicrosoft Office Excel to notice: prevalent diagnosis; prescribeddrugs; prevalence by age group; gender, and off label prescribing in patients suffering from dementia. This survey is composed of 535 patients: 463 suffering from mentaldisorders and 72 suffering from degenerative diseases ofSNC (especially Alzheimer). The distribution of psychic andneurological disorders in the two genders is balanced and theaverage age is 61.55. 64.7% live in the province of Agrigento and are treated at CSM of Ribera. 434 patients suffer from non organic psychosis; 14 patients suffer from organicpsychosis; 70 patients suffer from a moderate form of Alzheimer, 2 suffer from other forms of dementia, while for 25 patients no diagnosis has been noticed as the medical prescriptionhad been done by prescription SSN. Prescribed drugs have shown the following percentages: olanzapine33.04%; quetiapine 33.19%, risperidone 17.97%; aripiprazole7.4%; clozapine 4.02%; asenapine 1.69%; paliperidone 1.27%, ziprasidone 0.42%. It is a common opinion in the international scientific literature that a wise use of antipsychotic drugs of second generation gives important
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)16-16
Numero di pagine1
RivistaJOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL RESEARCH
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2014

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