Monitoring and prediction in early warning systems for rapid mass movements

Alessio Ferrari, Mcardell, Lehmann, Schleiss, Alessio Ferrari, Sättele, Or, Lehmann, Stähli, Huggel, Springman, Kos, Berne, Van Herwijnen

Risultato della ricerca: Article

56 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Rapid mass movements (RMM) pose a substantial risk to people and infrastructure. Reliable and cost-efficient measures have to be taken to reduce this risk. One of these measures includes establishing and advancing the state of practice in the application of early warning systems (EWSs). EWSs have been developed during the past decades and are rapidly increasing. In this paper, we focus on the technical part of EWSs, i.e., the prediction and timely recognition of imminent hazards, as well as on monitoring slopes at risk and released mass movements. Recent innovations in assessing spatial precipitation, monitoring and precursors of the triggering and deformation of RMM offer new opportunities for next-generation EWSs. However, technical advancement can only be transferred into more reliable, operational EWSs with an adequate well-instructed dedicated staff. To this end, an intense dialog between scientists, engineers and those in charge of warning, as well as further experience with new comprehensive prototype systems jointly operated by scientists and practitioners, will be essential.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)905-917
Numero di pagine13
RivistaNATURAL HAZARDS AND EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCES
Volume15
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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    Ferrari, A., Mcardell, Lehmann, Schleiss, Ferrari, A., Sättele, Or, Lehmann, Stähli, Huggel, Springman, Kos, Berne, & Van Herwijnen (2015). Monitoring and prediction in early warning systems for rapid mass movements. NATURAL HAZARDS AND EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCES, 15, 905-917.