Molecular and morphological diversity of on-farm hazelnut (Corylus avellana L.) landraces from southern Europe and their role in the origin and diffusion of cultivated germplasm

Francesco Paolo Marra, Erdoğan, Cristofori, Aramini, Calizzano, Contessa, Silva, Drogoudi, Ciarmiello, Solar, Valentini, Boccacci, Botta, Rovira, Ferreira, Bacchetta

Risultato della ricerca: Articlepeer review

42 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Hazelnut (Corylus avellana L.) is a traditional nut crop in southern Europe. Germplasm exploration conducted on-farm in five countries (Portugal, Spain, Italy, Slovenia, and Greece) identified 77 landraces. The present work describes phenotypic variation in nut and husk traits and investigates genetic relationships using ten simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers among these landraces, 57 well-known references cultivars, and 19 wild accessions. Among the 77 landraces, 42 had unique fingerprints while 35 showed a SSR profile identical to a known cultivar. Among the 42 unique landraces, morphological observations revealed high phenotypic diversity, and some had characteristics appreciated bythe market such as nut round and caliber. Analysis of genetic relationships and population structure allowed investigation of the origin and spread of the cultivated germplasm in southern Europe. Our results indicate the existence of three primary centers of diversity in the Mediterranean basin: northwestern Spain (Tarragona) and southern Italy (Campania) in the West and Black Sea (Turkey) in the East. Moreover, the data suggest the existence of secondary gene pools in the Iberian (Asturias) and Italian (Liguria and Latium) Peninsulas, wherelocal varieties were recently domesticated from wild forms and/or from introduced ancient domesticated varieties.
Lingua originaleEnglish
Numero di pagine16
RivistaTREE GENETICS & GENOMES
Volume9
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Forestry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Horticulture

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