“Modulation of 5-fluorouracil as adjuvant systemic chemotherapy in colorectal cancer:the IGCS-COL multicentre, randomised, phase III study”

Sergio Palmeri, Nicolo' Gebbia, Fernando De Vita, Cortesi, Angelo Raffaele Bianco, Carlomagno, Gemini, Pistillucci, Iannace, Carlomagno, Giovanni Pietro Ianniello, Corrado Ficorella, Giancarlo Paoletti, Vincenzo Adamo, Giovanni Persico, Salvatore Palazzo, Farris, Luigi Manzione, De Placido, Francesco PerroneCiro Gallo, Massimo Lopez, Manuela Lopez

Risultato della ricerca: Articlepeer review

7 Citazioni (Scopus)


The aims of this multicentre, randomised phase III trial were to evaluate: (1) the role of levamisol (LEV); and (2) the role of folinic acid (FA), added to 5-fluorouracil (5FU) in the adjuvant treatment of colorectal cancer. Patients with histologically proven, radically resected stage II or III colon or rectal cancer were eligible. The study had a 2x2 factorial design with four treatment arms: (a) 5FU alone, (b) 5FU+LEV, (c) 5FU+FA, (d) 5FU+LEV+FA, and two planned comparisons, testing the role of LEV and of FA, respectively. From March 1991, to September 1998, 1327 patients were randomised. None of the two comparisons resulted in a significant disease-free (DFS) or overall (OAS) survival advantage. The hazard ratio (HR) of relapse was 0.89 (95% confidence intervals (CI): 0.73-1.09) for patients receiving FA and 0.99 (95% CI 0.80-1.21) for those receiving LEV; corresponding HRs of death were 1.02 (95% CI: 0.80-1.30) and 0.94 (95% CI 0.73-1.20). Nonhaematological toxicity (all grade vomiting, diarrhoea, mucositis, congiuntivitis, skin, fever and fatigue) was significantly worse with FA, while all other toxicities were similar. In the present trial, there was no evidence that the addition of FA or LEV significantly prolongs DFS and OAS of radically resected colorectal cancer patients.
Lingua originaleUndefined/Unknown
pagine (da-a)896-904
RivistaBritish Journal of Cancer
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2005

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • ???subjectarea.asjc.2700.2730???
  • ???subjectarea.asjc.1300.1306???

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