Modelling and Simulation of Gas–liquid Hydrodynamics in a Rectangular Air-lift Reactor

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Abstract

Computational Fluid Dynamics is a quite well established tool for carrying out realistic simulations of process apparatuses. However, as a difference from single phase systems, for multiphase systems the development of CFD models is still in progress. Among the two-phase systems, gas-liquid systems are characterised by an additional complexity level, related to the fact that bubble sizes are not known in advance, being rather the result of formation and breakage-coalescence dynamics, and therefore of complex phenomena related to flow dynamics and interfacial effects.In the present work Euler-Euler Reynolds-averaged flow simulations of an air-lift reactor are reported. All bubbles are assumed to share the same size, and a simplified approach is adopted for modelling inter-phase momentum exchange, that involves bubble terminal velocity as the sole parameter needed. Good agreement between simulation results and literature experimental data is found for all the gas flow rates simulated. This result implies that, despite the many simplifications that have to be adopted in order to make them viable, fully predictive CFD simulations of gas-liquid systems can give rise to reasonably accurate predictions of reactor fluid dynamics.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)667-674
Numero di pagine8
RivistaInternational Journal of Chemical Reactor Engineering
Volume11
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2013

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)

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