Modelli di parenting multipli e benessere interpersonale. Una rassegna teorica sull’evoluzione del sistema motivazionale diadico verso il network dell’accudimento

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Models of multiple parenting and interpersonal wellbeing. A theoretical review on the evolutionof the dyadic motivational system toward the network of careA theoretical analysis on the evolution of the dyadic parenting model toward the multipleattachment perspective is presented. In particular, looking beyond the monotropic perspective(Bowlby, 1969), a theoretical framework about the integration model as a support of the elasticityof the Internal Working Models is highlighted. Based on these studies, the continuity inthe quality of the attachment representations would remain in function also of the changesinside the care environment, in its aspects of risk and protection as well as on dyadic, familyand social levels in which it is organised. The network of care is presented as a dynamicsystem in constant evolution, influenced by internal, external and cultural changes. For instance,some clinical and interpersonal wellbeing implications can glimpse in those familycontexts characterised by traumatic experiences. These negative experiences/relationshipsmay be offset by the positive effects of a functional attachment relationship (secure) withdifferent caregivers. In other words, having established insecure relationships with the primaryattachment figure may be compensated for the positive effects of a secure attachment relationship established with other caregivers. In accordance with the theoretical and empiricalanalyses of the integration model, the goodness of maternal working models cannot thereforebe considered the unique determiner of the child development. It can be assumed, however,that security emerges from the experience of a network of caregivers mostly characterisedby balanced and secure representations. This would give shape to a context of care inwhich everyone experiences the sensitivity and responsiveness to support his/her socio-emotionalgrowth.
Lingua originaleItalian
pagine (da-a)64-82
Numero di pagine19
RivistaPsicologia della Salute
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

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