MMP-2, MMP-9, and iNOS Expression in Human Dental Pulp Subjected to Orthodontic Traction

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Abstract

Objective: To test the hypothesis that some metalloproteinases (MMP-2, MMP-9) and induciblenitric oxide synthetase (iNOS) enzymes in dental pulp samples do not vary when subjected toorthodontic treatment.Materials and Methods: Human dental pulps were taken from male and female patients (N 10;age 10–14 years). A straight wire technique was used with nickel-titanium or steel archwires. Theincrease of pressure applied on teeth was gradual. Five patients were subjected to premolarextractions after 14 months of treatment and one after 24 months. Samples were Bouin-fixed,paraffin-embedded, and afterwards processed for immunohistochemistry using anti-MMP-2, anti-MMP-9, and anti-iNOS antibodies.Results: A reduction of MMP-2, MMP-9, and iNOS expression occurred in treated samples. Thisbecame more evident with increased treatment time.Conclusion: The hypothesis is rejected. The reduction of expression of those proteins revealeda time-dependent relationship.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1119-1125
Numero di pagine7
RivistaAngle Orthodontist
Volume79
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2009

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Orthodontics

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