The sea urchin egg is a favourite model for studies of the molecular biology and physiology of fertilization and early development, yet we know sparingly little of its oocytes and of mitochondria behaviour during oogenesis. The process of oogenesis in most echinoderms is asynchronousso each ovary lobe has hundreds of oocytes at all stages of development. At the beginning of oogenesis, the oocyte is about 10 μm in diameter. During the vitellogenic phase of oogenesis, the oocyte accumulates yolk proteins and grows to ten times their original size to 80 to 100 μm in sea urchins. The oocyte, arrested at the prophase of the first meiotic division, is apparent with its large nucleus, the germinal vesicle (GV), containing a prominent nucleolus. Echinoid (such as sea urchin) and Holothurian oocytes complete meiotic maturation prior to fertilization, distinct from other echinoderms and almost all others animals. As maturation progresses, it occurs the GV breaks down (GVBD). These eggs may then be stored for weeks to months within the female before they are spawned, and the proportion of eggs in the ovary increases from early to late season, as the numbers of oocytes decline.
|Numero di pagine||2|
|Rivista||JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL RESEARCH|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2015|
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