Purpose: Chemoradiation (CT/RT) followed by radical surgery (RS) may play a role in locally advanced cervical cancer (LACC) patients with suboptimal response to CT/RT or in low-income countries with limited access to radiotherapy. Our aim is to evaluate oncological and surgical outcomes of minimally invasive radical surgery (MI-RS) compared with open radical surgery (O-RS). Patients and Methods: Data for stage IB2–IVA cervical cancer patients managed by CT/RT and RS were retrospectively analyzed. Results: Beginning with 686 patients, propensity score matching resulted in 462 cases (231 per group), balanced for FIGO stage, lymph node status, histotype, tumor grade, and clinical response to CT/RT. The 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) was 73.7% in the O-RS patients and 73.0% in the MI-RS patients (HR 1.034, 95% CI 0.708–1.512, p = 0.861). The 5-year locoregional recurrence rate was 12.5% (O-RS) versus 15.2% (MI-RS) (HR 1.174, 95% CI 0.656–2.104, p = 0.588). The 5-year disease-specific survival (DSS) was 80.4% in O-RS patients and 85.3% in the MI-RS group (HR 0.731, 95% CI 0.438–1.220, p = 0.228). Estimated blood loss was lower in the MI-RS group (p < 0.001), as was length of hospital stay (p < 0.001). Early postoperative complications occurred in 77 patients (33.3%) in the O-RS group versus 88 patients (38.1%) in the MI-RS group (p = 0.331). Fifty-six (24.2%) patients experienced late postoperative complications in the O-RS group, versus 61 patients (26.4%) in the MI-RS group (p = 0.668). Conclusion: MI-RS and O-RS are associated with similar rates of recurrence and death in LACC patients managed by surgery after CT/RT. No difference in early or late complications was reported.