“Minding the gap” in the research on human trafficking for sexual purposes.

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Abstract

Since the signature of the United Nations Trafficking Protocol in December 2000 that human trafficking has been labelled as a transnational, complex criminal phenomenon. However, despite the implementation of international soft law instruments to tackle the phenomenon, human trafficking is constantly evolving by the frequent changes of strategies, routes, types of exploitation and methodologies applied by the criminal networks. This flexibility of the phenomenon does not only difficult the implementation of effective tackling measures, but it also demonstrates to be an obstacle to produce accurate information on the subject (Cusick et al, 2009). Furthermore, due to the hidden nature of the crime it is also difficult to have access to the target group (Berman, 2003) especially during the exploitation period, due to safety reasons (Brunovskis & Tyldum, 2004; Zimmermann & Watts,2004). All these elements have led to academic research on human trafficking mainly based on secondary literature, lacking from empirical founded sources (Gozdziak &Bump, 2008). Therefore, this paper aims to analyse the implementation of qualitative research on human trafficking for sexual purposes by 1) the identification of the obstacles on the research; 2) the application of an ethical conduct during the research; 3) the problematic of the participative observation method on the sexual exploitation.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)79-92
Numero di pagine14
RivistaROMANIAN JOURNAL OF POPULATION STUDIES
Volume11
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2017

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@article{2958219e160c4c9ea8b242bc0324f65a,
title = "“Minding the gap” in the research on human trafficking for sexual purposes.",
abstract = "Since the signature of the United Nations Trafficking Protocol in December 2000 that human trafficking has been labelled as a transnational, complex criminal phenomenon. However, despite the implementation of international soft law instruments to tackle the phenomenon, human trafficking is constantly evolving by the frequent changes of strategies, routes, types of exploitation and methodologies applied by the criminal networks. This flexibility of the phenomenon does not only difficult the implementation of effective tackling measures, but it also demonstrates to be an obstacle to produce accurate information on the subject (Cusick et al, 2009). Furthermore, due to the hidden nature of the crime it is also difficult to have access to the target group (Berman, 2003) especially during the exploitation period, due to safety reasons (Brunovskis & Tyldum, 2004; Zimmermann & Watts,2004). All these elements have led to academic research on human trafficking mainly based on secondary literature, lacking from empirical founded sources (Gozdziak &Bump, 2008). Therefore, this paper aims to analyse the implementation of qualitative research on human trafficking for sexual purposes by 1) the identification of the obstacles on the research; 2) the application of an ethical conduct during the research; 3) the problematic of the participative observation method on the sexual exploitation.",
keywords = "Human Trafficking; ethical issues, sexual exploitation; Qualitative Research; Participant Observation",
author = "{Hilario Pascoal}, {Rafaela Da Concei{\cc}{\~a}o}",
year = "2017",
language = "English",
volume = "11",
pages = "79--92",
journal = "ROMANIAN JOURNAL OF POPULATION STUDIES",
issn = "1843-5998",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - “Minding the gap” in the research on human trafficking for sexual purposes.

AU - Hilario Pascoal, Rafaela Da Conceição

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - Since the signature of the United Nations Trafficking Protocol in December 2000 that human trafficking has been labelled as a transnational, complex criminal phenomenon. However, despite the implementation of international soft law instruments to tackle the phenomenon, human trafficking is constantly evolving by the frequent changes of strategies, routes, types of exploitation and methodologies applied by the criminal networks. This flexibility of the phenomenon does not only difficult the implementation of effective tackling measures, but it also demonstrates to be an obstacle to produce accurate information on the subject (Cusick et al, 2009). Furthermore, due to the hidden nature of the crime it is also difficult to have access to the target group (Berman, 2003) especially during the exploitation period, due to safety reasons (Brunovskis & Tyldum, 2004; Zimmermann & Watts,2004). All these elements have led to academic research on human trafficking mainly based on secondary literature, lacking from empirical founded sources (Gozdziak &Bump, 2008). Therefore, this paper aims to analyse the implementation of qualitative research on human trafficking for sexual purposes by 1) the identification of the obstacles on the research; 2) the application of an ethical conduct during the research; 3) the problematic of the participative observation method on the sexual exploitation.

AB - Since the signature of the United Nations Trafficking Protocol in December 2000 that human trafficking has been labelled as a transnational, complex criminal phenomenon. However, despite the implementation of international soft law instruments to tackle the phenomenon, human trafficking is constantly evolving by the frequent changes of strategies, routes, types of exploitation and methodologies applied by the criminal networks. This flexibility of the phenomenon does not only difficult the implementation of effective tackling measures, but it also demonstrates to be an obstacle to produce accurate information on the subject (Cusick et al, 2009). Furthermore, due to the hidden nature of the crime it is also difficult to have access to the target group (Berman, 2003) especially during the exploitation period, due to safety reasons (Brunovskis & Tyldum, 2004; Zimmermann & Watts,2004). All these elements have led to academic research on human trafficking mainly based on secondary literature, lacking from empirical founded sources (Gozdziak &Bump, 2008). Therefore, this paper aims to analyse the implementation of qualitative research on human trafficking for sexual purposes by 1) the identification of the obstacles on the research; 2) the application of an ethical conduct during the research; 3) the problematic of the participative observation method on the sexual exploitation.

KW - Human Trafficking; ethical issues, sexual exploitation; Qualitative Research; Participant Observation

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/335995

UR - https://www.researchgate.net/publication/318135007_Minding_the_gap_in_the_research_on_human_trafficking_for_sexual_purposes

M3 - Article

VL - 11

SP - 79

EP - 92

JO - ROMANIAN JOURNAL OF POPULATION STUDIES

JF - ROMANIAN JOURNAL OF POPULATION STUDIES

SN - 1843-5998

ER -