Metal/semiconductor barrier properties of non-recessed Ti/Al/Ti and Ta/Al/Ta ohmic contacts on AlGaN/GaN heterostructures

Marco Cannas, Filippo Giannazzo, Monia Spera, Silvia Scalese, Corrado Bongiorno, Fabrizio Roccaforte, Raffaella Lo Nigro, Giuseppe Greco

Risultato della ricerca: Articlepeer review

3 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper compares the metal/semiconductor barrier height properties of non-recessed Ti/Al/Ti and Ta/Al/Ta contacts on AlGaN/GaN heterostructures. Both contacts exhibited a rectifying behavior after deposition and after annealing at temperatures up to 550 °C. The ohmic behavior was reached after annealing at 600 °C. High-resolution morphological and electrical mapping by conductive atomic force microscopy showed a flat surface for both contacts, with the presence of isolated hillocks, which had no significant impact on the contact resistance. Structural analyses indicated the formation of the Al3Ti and Al3Ta phases upon annealing. Furthermore, a thin interfacial TiN layer was observed in the Ti/Al/Ti samples, which is likely responsible for a lower barrier and a better specific contact resistance (ρc = 1.6 × 10−4 Ωcm2) with respect to the Ta/Al/Ta samples (ρc = 4.0 × 10−4 Ωcm2). The temperature dependence of the specific contact resistance was described by a thermionic field emission mechanism, determining barrier height values in the range of 0.58–0.63 eV. These results were discussed in terms of the different microstructures of the interfaces in the two systems.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)2655-1-2655-12
Numero di pagine12
RivistaEnergies
Volume12
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Energy (miscellaneous)
  • Control and Optimization
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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