Metabolic syndrome therapy: prevention of vascular injury by antidiabetic agents.

Ligia Juliana Dominguez Rodriguez, James R. Sowers, Ligia J. Dominguez

Risultato della ricerca: Articlepeer review

11 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

More than 65 million Americans are currently obese. Type 2 diabetes mellitus, frequently seen in obese subjects, affects 17 million adults in the United States, with a continuous and alarmingly increasing rate. To prevent development of diabetes in those who are at high risk, it is recommended to optimize meal planning and enhance physical activity to make sustained weight reduction possible. In addition to lifestyle changes, various oral antidiabetic agents are available, with diverse mechanisms of action. Some target defective insulin secretion (sulphonylureas, benzoic acid derivatives) or glucose absorption (glycosidase inhibitors), whereas others target insulin resistance (metformin, thiazolidinediones). Patients with metabolic syndrome and diabetes have an increased risk for cardiovascular disease linked to a higher prevalence of hypertension, dyslipidemia, microalbuminuria, and altered hemostasis - parameters that may be modified by antidiabetic agents. In this article, we review the oral agents used to treat type 2 diabetes and the metabolic syndrome, and their effects on vascular tissue
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)110-116
Numero di pagine7
RivistaCurrent Hypertension Reports
Volume7
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2005

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

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