Memory and presence of thólos in architecture

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The stones, with theirtestimony, document the roleplayed by some men in the large scenario of events. The thóloi, stonearchitectures, probably from the Greek-archaic, Etruscan and then Roman origins, are widespreadthroughout the Mediterraneanbasin, even in distantterritories (Greece, Armenia, Cappadocia, Iran, Tunisia, Italy) and Sicilyretains more of anyother (the Gurfa, in the countryside of Alia, is the largestthólos in the Mediterranean), evidence of mythicaltimesthattell of the presence of Daedalus. Thesearchitectures, oftenduginto the mountains (places in themselvessacred), initiallyintended for ritual and sepulchralfunctions, express the spirit of sacrifice (asRuskinwouldsay) and valuesthathavehadcontinuity in the history of architecture. The thóloirepresentuniversalconcepts and archetypalprinciples: the idea of refuge, of excavation, of light, of sacredness. Otherrelatedthemesconcern the idea of materiality and duration expressed by the presence and use of lithicmaterials, the sense of decor, the tensionbetweenearth and sky, the relationshipbetween human and divine. Otherquestionsalsoconcernimportantspatialprinciples: the central plan, the bell-shapedstructure and the dome, the verticality and the zenithal light (whichmaterialize the axis mundi), the excavatedspace. Theseconcepts, present in contemporaryarchitecture, update the memory and the poetics of the thólos.
Lingua originaleEnglish
Titolo della pubblicazione ospiteWORLD HERITAGE and LEGACY. Culture | Creativity | Contamination
Numero di pagine10
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2019

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