Medium-Term Culture of Primary Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma in a Three-Dimensional Model: Effects on Cell Survival Following Topical 5-Fluororacile Delivery by Drug-Loaded Matrix Tablets

Viviana De Caro, Alberto Giuseppe Fucarino, Antonella Marino Gammazza, Giovanni Zummo, Giuseppina Campisi, Domenico Compilato, Fabio Bucchieri, Alessandro Pitruzzella, Felicia Farina, Libero Italo Giannola, Carlo Paderni, Antonella Marino Gammazza, Alessan-Dro Pitruzzella, Fabio Bucchieri, Stephen T. Holgate, Donna E. Davies, Maria Gabriella Siragusa

Risultato della ricerca: Articlepeer review

7 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Since the activity of several conventional anticancer drugs is restricted by resistance mechanisms and dose-limiting side-effects, the design of formulations for local application on malignant lesions seems to be an efficient and promising drug delivery approach. In this study, the effect of locally applied 5-FU on cell death was evaluated both in a SCC4/HEK001 model and in a newly proposed 3D outgrowth model of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). Initially, the optimal drug dose was established by delivery of solutions containing different amounts of 5-FU. The solution containing 1% (w/v) of 5-FU resulted effective in inducing cell death with complete eradication of cell colonies. Buccal tablets were designed to deliver 5-FU locoregionally to the cancer lesions of the oral cavity. Tablets were prepared using a drug loaded matrix of acrylic/methacrylic acid copolymer containing 1% (w/w) of 5-FU and applied on 3D outgrowths. The drug release from tablets appeared to be sufficient to induce cell death as confirmed by transmission electron microscopy and enzymatic assay (TUNEL). After 120 h of treatment, when about 90% of the drug had been discharged from the tablets into the culture environment, 5-FU caused loss of cell-cell communications and apoptotic cell death. After 192 h, a complete disaggregation of the 3D oral outgrowths and the death of all the cells was observed. Buccal matrix tablets could be considered a promising new approach to the locoregional treatment of OSCC. Risks of systemic toxicity are avoided since very low drug doses are delivered.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)5411-5420
Numero di pagine10
RivistaCURRENT PHARMACEUTICAL DESIGN
Volume18
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmacology
  • Drug Discovery

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