Abstract

Ageing is characterized by a decline in all systemic functions. A greater susceptibility to apoptosis and senescence may contribute to proliferative and functional impairment of endothelial progenitor cells. They play an important role in neo-angiogenesis and endothelial repair. Vascular ageing is associated with changes in the structure and functions of vessels' wall. There are many possible causes of this damage. For sure, inflammation and oxidative stress play a fundamental role in the pathogenesis of endothelial dysfunction, commonly attributed to a reduced availability of nitric oxide. Inflammageing, the chronic low-grade inflammation that characterizes elderly people, aggravates vascular pathology and provokes atherosclerosis, the major cardiovascular disease. Nutraceutical and molecular biology represent new insights in this field. In fact, the first could represent a possible treatment in the prevention or delay of vascular ageing; the second could offer new possible targets for potential therapeutic interventions. In this review, we pay attention on the causes of vascular ageing and on the effects of nutraceuticals on it.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)63-70
Numero di pagine8
RivistaMechanisms of Ageing and Development
Volume159
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2016

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Dietary Supplements
Blood Vessels
Food
Inflammation
Molecular Biology
Atherosclerosis
Nitric Oxide
Oxidative Stress
Cardiovascular Diseases
Apoptosis
Pathology
Therapeutics

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ageing
  • Developmental Biology

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title = "Mediterranean nutraceutical foods: Strategy to improve vascular ageing",
abstract = "Ageing is characterized by a decline in all systemic functions. A greater susceptibility to apoptosis and senescence may contribute to proliferative and functional impairment of endothelial progenitor cells. They play an important role in neo-angiogenesis and endothelial repair. Vascular ageing is associated with changes in the structure and functions of vessels' wall. There are many possible causes of this damage. For sure, inflammation and oxidative stress play a fundamental role in the pathogenesis of endothelial dysfunction, commonly attributed to a reduced availability of nitric oxide. Inflammageing, the chronic low-grade inflammation that characterizes elderly people, aggravates vascular pathology and provokes atherosclerosis, the major cardiovascular disease. Nutraceutical and molecular biology represent new insights in this field. In fact, the first could represent a possible treatment in the prevention or delay of vascular ageing; the second could offer new possible targets for potential therapeutic interventions. In this review, we pay attention on the causes of vascular ageing and on the effects of nutraceuticals on it.",
author = "Calogero Caruso and Gambino, {Caterina Maria} and Claudia Virruso and Anna Aiello and Giuseppina Candore and Giulia Accardi",
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AU - Caruso, Calogero

AU - Gambino, Caterina Maria

AU - Virruso, Claudia

AU - Aiello, Anna

AU - Candore, Giuseppina

AU - Accardi, Giulia

PY - 2016

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AB - Ageing is characterized by a decline in all systemic functions. A greater susceptibility to apoptosis and senescence may contribute to proliferative and functional impairment of endothelial progenitor cells. They play an important role in neo-angiogenesis and endothelial repair. Vascular ageing is associated with changes in the structure and functions of vessels' wall. There are many possible causes of this damage. For sure, inflammation and oxidative stress play a fundamental role in the pathogenesis of endothelial dysfunction, commonly attributed to a reduced availability of nitric oxide. Inflammageing, the chronic low-grade inflammation that characterizes elderly people, aggravates vascular pathology and provokes atherosclerosis, the major cardiovascular disease. Nutraceutical and molecular biology represent new insights in this field. In fact, the first could represent a possible treatment in the prevention or delay of vascular ageing; the second could offer new possible targets for potential therapeutic interventions. In this review, we pay attention on the causes of vascular ageing and on the effects of nutraceuticals on it.

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M3 - Article

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