MALNUTRITION IN ELDERLY: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC DETERMINANTS

Mario Barbagallo, Giovanna Di Bella, Lorenzo M. Donini, Morrone, Piombo, Neri, Proietti, Scardella, Cataldi, Asprino, Carcaterra, Cava, Cucinotta

Risultato della ricerca: Article

66 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Abstract: Malnutrition occurs frequently in the frailest groups of the population, especially in people who are on a low income and elderly subjects, overall if they are institutionalized. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of malnutrition in a sample of elderly people living in different settings and to identify the determinants of malnutrition. Methods: A total of 718 subjects, 472 females (F) and 246 males (M), were recruited from nursing homes or were free living in three different regions in Italy. Nutritional status, depression, social, functional and cognitive status, were evaluated. Results: According to the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA), a high prevalence of malnutrition was found out in both genders: 26% of F and 16.3% of M were classified as being malnourished (MNA<17); 40.9% of F and 35% of M were at risk of malnutrition (MNA 17- 23,5). The prevalence of malnutrition was significantly higher in NH subjects in both sexes. Moreover, a relationship was shown between malnutrition and inability to shop, prepare and cook meals because of a low income, distance from markets or supermarkets as well as impossibility to drive the car or to use public transportation. This study confirms the necessity to routinely perform nutritional status evaluation in elderly subjects, to carry out training courses for health workers (doctors, nurses, psychologists, dietitians), to implement nutritional education of the geriatric population, to develop tools and guidelines for health workers and caregivers, to identify and reduce clinical, functional, social or economic risk factors for malnutrition.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)9-15
Numero di pagine7
RivistaTHE JOURNAL OF NUTRITION, HEALTH & AGING
Volume17
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2013

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Malnutrition
Economics
Nutrition Assessment
Nutritional Status
Nutritionists
Health
Nursing Homes
Population Groups
Geriatrics
Italy
Meals
Nurses
Guidelines
Depression
Psychology
Education
Population

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cita questo

MALNUTRITION IN ELDERLY: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC DETERMINANTS. / Barbagallo, Mario; Di Bella, Giovanna; Donini, Lorenzo M.; Morrone; Piombo; Neri; Proietti; Scardella; Cataldi; Asprino; Carcaterra; Cava; Cucinotta.

In: THE JOURNAL OF NUTRITION, HEALTH & AGING, Vol. 17, 2013, pag. 9-15.

Risultato della ricerca: Article

Barbagallo, M, Di Bella, G, Donini, LM, Morrone, Piombo, Neri, Proietti, Scardella, Cataldi, Asprino, Carcaterra, Cava & Cucinotta 2013, 'MALNUTRITION IN ELDERLY: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC DETERMINANTS', THE JOURNAL OF NUTRITION, HEALTH & AGING, vol. 17, pagg. 9-15.
Barbagallo, Mario ; Di Bella, Giovanna ; Donini, Lorenzo M. ; Morrone ; Piombo ; Neri ; Proietti ; Scardella ; Cataldi ; Asprino ; Carcaterra ; Cava ; Cucinotta. / MALNUTRITION IN ELDERLY: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC DETERMINANTS. In: THE JOURNAL OF NUTRITION, HEALTH & AGING. 2013 ; Vol. 17. pagg. 9-15.
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abstract = "Abstract: Malnutrition occurs frequently in the frailest groups of the population, especially in people who are on a low income and elderly subjects, overall if they are institutionalized. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of malnutrition in a sample of elderly people living in different settings and to identify the determinants of malnutrition. Methods: A total of 718 subjects, 472 females (F) and 246 males (M), were recruited from nursing homes or were free living in three different regions in Italy. Nutritional status, depression, social, functional and cognitive status, were evaluated. Results: According to the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA), a high prevalence of malnutrition was found out in both genders: 26{\%} of F and 16.3{\%} of M were classified as being malnourished (MNA<17); 40.9{\%} of F and 35{\%} of M were at risk of malnutrition (MNA 17- 23,5). The prevalence of malnutrition was significantly higher in NH subjects in both sexes. Moreover, a relationship was shown between malnutrition and inability to shop, prepare and cook meals because of a low income, distance from markets or supermarkets as well as impossibility to drive the car or to use public transportation. This study confirms the necessity to routinely perform nutritional status evaluation in elderly subjects, to carry out training courses for health workers (doctors, nurses, psychologists, dietitians), to implement nutritional education of the geriatric population, to develop tools and guidelines for health workers and caregivers, to identify and reduce clinical, functional, social or economic risk factors for malnutrition.",
author = "Mario Barbagallo and {Di Bella}, Giovanna and Donini, {Lorenzo M.} and Morrone and Piombo and Neri and Proietti and Scardella and Cataldi and Asprino and Carcaterra and Cava and Cucinotta",
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T1 - MALNUTRITION IN ELDERLY: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC DETERMINANTS

AU - Barbagallo, Mario

AU - Di Bella, Giovanna

AU - Donini, Lorenzo M.

AU - Morrone, null

AU - Piombo, null

AU - Neri, null

AU - Proietti, null

AU - Scardella, null

AU - Cataldi, null

AU - Asprino, null

AU - Carcaterra, null

AU - Cava, null

AU - Cucinotta, null

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - Abstract: Malnutrition occurs frequently in the frailest groups of the population, especially in people who are on a low income and elderly subjects, overall if they are institutionalized. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of malnutrition in a sample of elderly people living in different settings and to identify the determinants of malnutrition. Methods: A total of 718 subjects, 472 females (F) and 246 males (M), were recruited from nursing homes or were free living in three different regions in Italy. Nutritional status, depression, social, functional and cognitive status, were evaluated. Results: According to the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA), a high prevalence of malnutrition was found out in both genders: 26% of F and 16.3% of M were classified as being malnourished (MNA<17); 40.9% of F and 35% of M were at risk of malnutrition (MNA 17- 23,5). The prevalence of malnutrition was significantly higher in NH subjects in both sexes. Moreover, a relationship was shown between malnutrition and inability to shop, prepare and cook meals because of a low income, distance from markets or supermarkets as well as impossibility to drive the car or to use public transportation. This study confirms the necessity to routinely perform nutritional status evaluation in elderly subjects, to carry out training courses for health workers (doctors, nurses, psychologists, dietitians), to implement nutritional education of the geriatric population, to develop tools and guidelines for health workers and caregivers, to identify and reduce clinical, functional, social or economic risk factors for malnutrition.

AB - Abstract: Malnutrition occurs frequently in the frailest groups of the population, especially in people who are on a low income and elderly subjects, overall if they are institutionalized. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of malnutrition in a sample of elderly people living in different settings and to identify the determinants of malnutrition. Methods: A total of 718 subjects, 472 females (F) and 246 males (M), were recruited from nursing homes or were free living in three different regions in Italy. Nutritional status, depression, social, functional and cognitive status, were evaluated. Results: According to the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA), a high prevalence of malnutrition was found out in both genders: 26% of F and 16.3% of M were classified as being malnourished (MNA<17); 40.9% of F and 35% of M were at risk of malnutrition (MNA 17- 23,5). The prevalence of malnutrition was significantly higher in NH subjects in both sexes. Moreover, a relationship was shown between malnutrition and inability to shop, prepare and cook meals because of a low income, distance from markets or supermarkets as well as impossibility to drive the car or to use public transportation. This study confirms the necessity to routinely perform nutritional status evaluation in elderly subjects, to carry out training courses for health workers (doctors, nurses, psychologists, dietitians), to implement nutritional education of the geriatric population, to develop tools and guidelines for health workers and caregivers, to identify and reduce clinical, functional, social or economic risk factors for malnutrition.

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