MAIFINITO

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Abstract

Large numbers of unfinished buildings have produced singular extra-urban, or even urban landscapes. These buildings are affected by the amount of time that is inseparable from the act of building: from the conception to the construction, until the beginning of the actual life cycle. An unfinished building stays there, where it was conceived and constructed, sometimes for many decades, while projects often remain sitting in the drawer.The starting observation territory for this book is southern Italy and Sicily over the last 50 years, where the "maifiniti" (never finished) buildings often, although not always, overlap with illegal building practices (abusivismo). However, due to the essence of the "maifiniti" buildings’ phenomenon, which is intrinsic to the act of building, we have managed to trace worldwide, in other geographical areas of the South, different articulations, approaches and types of consciousness, even finding and documenting some affinities and similarities.Generally, there is a tendency to become inured to this phenomenon, especially for those who live in areas where they look at the "maifiniti" landscapes every day. This lack of awareness virtually makes a large number of buildings disappear, as if they were invisible, while simply becoming aware of this presence would be important. It would be possible for example to draw these buildings and their settlements, describing and listing them, with the same kind of attention we put in a masterplan or in a survey of the old city centre.Besides architecture, other disciplines deal with this objects, which, being incomplete, are naturally open to any form of experiments (at least conceptually). Arts show different approaches and possibilities, because they find in these buildings a potential, interpretable, moldable material, which is open to the future.What exactly can we learn today from the "maifiniti" buildings as architectures? Moreover, what can we learn from "maifinito" as a cultural (or sub-cultural) phenomenon, often generated by the breaking of the rules?Are the results of "maifinito" only an excess of buildings, land consumption, and generically the destruction of our landscapes? Are there "maifiniti" buildings or settlements which, as architectures, urban areas, and landscapes, can propose positive elements from which to learn, concepts to absorb and complex practices to borrow, both for their own transformation and for different new projects?To answer these questions it is necessary to observe the "maifinito" phenomenon objectively, without any ideological bias, suspending judgment on some issues that would preclude any further investigation: the appearance of the buildings, their regular or legal nature, their current uselessness, and finally their state of deterioration. Only after this reduction, which leads us to the essence of the phenomenon, we can go back to the contingencies of the situations, and to their specific reasons.When we see that: - the "maifinito" has generated a surplus of built residential surface, compared to the scale of the real demand; - the quantity of "maifiniti" buildings has become stable compared to the previous decades; - the reasons to finish the buildings have often disappeared; - the existential projects, which for example aimed at the cohabitation of multiple family groups in one building, weren’t found viable; - the proposed dwelling models are by now obsolete; - the future which was expected never came true. What are we supposed to do? What is the future of these buildings?Starting from the incompleteness of the "maifinito",
Lingua originaleEnglish
EditoreQuodlibet
Numero di pagine160
ISBN (stampa)978-88-7462-685-4
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2014

Serie di pubblicazioni

NomeQUODLIBET STUDIO. TRANS(FORMA)

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