A new adsorbent material with combined adsorption, photocatalytic, and magnetic properties has been suc- cessfully synthesized and tested for the efficient dye removal from methylene blue (MB) contaminated water. A facile non-thermal method was applied to synthesize a hybrid nanocomposite consisting of TiO2/calcium algi- nate (TiO/Alg) and magnetite (Fe3O4) nanoparticles (FeNPs). The potential of the adsorbent Alg as a barrier to prevent direct contact between the magnetic core and TiO2 was experimented by varying the synthesis condi- tions. The performance of four differently synthesized TiO2/Alg/FeNPs samples (TiO2/Alg/FeNPs-1, TiO2/Alg/ FeNPs-2, TiO2/Alg/FeNPs-3, and TiO2/Alg/FeNPs-4) was found to be fairly comparable and stable based on their efficiency in removing MB from aqueous solution due to the physico-chemical characterization (surface mor- phology, functional groups and elemental analysis) which supports the performance of TiO2/Alg/FeNPs. For the optimization study using the response surface methodology (RSM) with three factorial Box-Behnken experi- mental designs, TiO2/Alg/FeNPs-2 was selected as it exhibited the highest MB removal of 97.6% after 120 min under ultra violet irradiation (254 nm wavelength). Among the three independent variables studied (i.e., pH, contact time and initial MB concentration), the initial concentration of MB had significant effect towards the MB removal performance. A recycling study was performed, thus confirming the stability of TiO2/Alg/FeNPs-2 up to three cycles, with only a slight drop in the removal efficiency from 93.1% to 88.5%. The fabricated TiO2/Alg/ FeNPs nanocomposites could be a potential functional material for treating artificial dye laden wastewater such as in textile, cosmetic, and paper industries.
|Numero di pagine||13|
|Rivista||Sustainable Chemistry and Pharmacy|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2018|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes