The Spindle Assembly Checkpoint (SAC) is a cellular surveillance mechanism that ensures faithful chromosome segregation during mitosis and its failure can result in aneuploidy. Previously, it was suggested that reduction of the MAD2 gene, encoding a major component of the SAC, induced aneuploidy in human tumor cells. However, tumor cell lines contain multiple mutations that might affect or exacerbate the cellular response to Mad2 depletion. Thus, the scenario resulting by Mad2 depletion in primary human cells could be different and more complex that the one depicted so far. We used primary human fibroblasts (IMR90) and epithelial breast cells (MCF10A) to gain further insight on the effects of genomic instability caused by transient Mad2 depletion. To this aim we depleted Mad2 by RNAi to a level shown by Mad2 haplo-insufficient cells and found that induced aneuploidy caused premature cellular senescence in IMR90 cells. IMR90 cells showed typical features of senescent cells, like senescence-associated(SA) βgalactosidase expression, including up-regulation of p53 and p14ARF proteins and of p21waf1 as well, but not of p16(INK4A) cyclin-dependent kinase (Cdk) inhibitor. In contrast, after MAD2 post-transcriptional silencing MCF10A cells in which the INK4A/ARF locus is deleted, showed both aneuploidy and a small increase of p53 and p21waf1 proteins, but not premature cellular senescence. Finally, our results provides an explanation of how a p53 controlled pathway, involving initially p21waf1 and then p14ARF, could minimize the occurrence of genomic alterations derived from chromosome instability induced by low amounts of MAD2 protein.
|Numero di pagine||9|
|Rivista||Journal of Cellular Physiology|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2011|
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