Little is known of the functions of caspases in mediating the surface changes required for phagocytosis of dying cells. Here we investigate the role played by the effector caspase, caspase-3 in this process using the caspase-3-defective MCF-7 breast carcinoma line and derived caspase-3-expressing transfectants. Our results indicate that, while certain typical features of apoptosis induced by etoposide - namely classical morphological changes and the ability to degrade DNA into oligonucleosomal fragments - are caspase-3-dependent, loss of cell adhesion to plastic and the capacity to interact with, and to be phagocytosed by, human monocyte-derived macrophages - both by CD14-dependent and CD14-independent mechanisms - do not require caspase-3. Furthermore, both etoposide-induced caspase-3-positive and -negative MCF-7 cells suppressed proinflammatory cytokine release by macrophages. These results demonstrate directly that cell surface changes that are sufficient for anti-inflammatory clearance by human macrophages can be regulated independently of stereotypical features of the apoptosis programme that require caspase-3.
|Numero di pagine||11|
|Rivista||Cell Death and Differentiation|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2003|
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