Lysosomal Cathepsins B and L and Stef in A Blood Levels in Patients with Hepatocellular Carcinoma and/or Liver Cirrhosis: Potential Clinical Implications

Giuseppe Pizzolanti, Gaetano Leto, Nicolo' Gebbia, Maurizio Soresi, Giuseppe Montalto, Nicola Gebbia, Giuseppe Pizzolanti, Francesca Maria Tumminello, Gaetano Leto

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The serum levels of lysosomal cathepsin B and L and Stefin A, an intracellular inhibitor of these proteolytic enzymes, were determined in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and/or liver cirrhosis (LC) and correlated with some clinical and biochemical parameters of these diseases. Cathepsin B serum levels were increased in HCC and in LC patients as compared to normal subjects (p < 0.001). However no difference was observed between HCC and LC groups. Interestingly, a significant relationship was evidenced between cathepsin B serum content and the grade of severity of cirrhosis (r = 0.41; p < 0.001). Cathepsin L was significantly elevated only in sera of cancer patients as compared to normal subjects or LC patients (p < 0.001) and significantly correlated with the number of malignant lesions (r = 0.49; p = 0.001). Stefin A serum levels were increased in HCC and LC patients as compared to healthy subjects (p < 0.02). However, these levels were significantly higher in the LC group as compared to the HCC group (p < 0.05). In cancer patients, a significant relationship was observed between Stefin A serum content and tumor size (r = 0.35; p < 0.05), number of neoplastic lesions (r = 0.556; p < 0.001) and serum a-fetoprotein (r = 0.38; p < 0.01). These data suggest that cathepsin B and L and Stefin A may be potentially useful as additional biochemical parameters to monitor the therapeutic response of these diseases to clinical treatments and to identify patients with cirrhosis developing precancerous lesions. © 1997 S. Karger AG, Basel.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)79-83
Numero di pagine5
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 1997

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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