The thyroid gland is often involved in the development of neoplastic diseases, including lymphoproliferative disorders. The aim of this paper is to provide a comprehensive overview of the multiple interactions between lymphoma and thyroid. Through an extensive research among the literature, the relationship between lymphomas and thyroid can be established at various levels, and the possible interconnections are here summarized in 5 points: (1) the greater risk of lymphoma development in some thyroid diseases; (2) the primary thyroid lymphoma, with focus on issues related to the diagnosis, differential diagnosis, and treatment; (3) the incidence of thyroid involvement in primitive nodal lymphomas or in extranodal lymphomas of the other sites; (4) thyroid changes after treatment of lymphoma, in relation to the effects of radiation therapy and immuno-chemotherapy; (5) the incidental findings of thyroid changes, on imaging, in patients with lymphoma, without a direct involvement of the gland in malignant disease. In conclusion, issues that until now have been dealt with separately will therefore be analyzed in a unique paper, allowing a global view of the topic and emphasizing the need of a multidisciplinary approach. Future learning areas in this topic mainly relate to rapidly increasing the knowledge of imaging studies together with expanding the armamentarium of novel biological and targeting agents in lymphoma patients.
|Numero di pagine||6|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2018|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research