Low serum levels of 25-hydroxy vitamin D in adults affected by thalassemia major or intermedia.

Enrico Carmina, Giovam Battista Rini, Gaetana Di Fede, Nicola Napoli, Rini, Rini, Salvatore Bucchieri, Sferrazza, Gaetana Di Fede, Enrico Carmina, Carmela Sferrazza, Nicola Napoli, Salvatore Bucchieri

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Abstract

Adult thalassemic patients have reduced bone mass due to disturbances in several different mechanisms affecting bone turnover. To determine if vitamin D deficiency contributes to the low bone mass of adult thalassemic subjects, we studied serum 25-OH-vitamin D levels in 90 patients (age ranging between 21 and 48 years) affected with thalassemia major (TM) and 35 (age 21-56 years) with thalassemia intermedia (TI). TM patients had been receiving regular transfusions from the age of 2 years and had increased serum ferritin, glutamic oxalacetic transaminase, glutamic piruvic transaminase as well as low bone density (L1-L4 Z score -2.07 +/- 0.2). TI patients did not receive transfusions, but their ferritin levels were increased as well (520.3 +/- 138,1). 8 TM patients (10.1%) and 4 TI (11.4%) had serum 25-OH-vitamin D less than 10.4 ng/ml and were considered presenting an absolute deficiency of vitamin D. Mean 25-OH-vitamin D was significantly (P < 0.01) lower in both TM and TI patients (20.3 +/- 0.7 ng/ml and 20.9 +/- 2.3 ng/ml, respectively) than in 100 healthy control subjects of similar age (25.2 +/- 1 ng/ml). 1,25-OH-vitamin D levels were in the normal-lower levels (45.15 +/- 1.5 mg/dl), while 24 H urinary calcium was below the normal range (15.75 mg/dl). In TM patients, the 25-OH-vitamin D levels correlated negatively with age (P < 0.05) and with serum ferritin (P < 0.05). TM and TI patients with low 25-OH-vitamin D levels (<17.8 ng/ml) presented higher serum ferritin levels (P < 0.01) and higher PTH (P < 0.05) compared to those with normal vitamin D. Moreover, TM patients with low 25-OH-vitamin D levels were significantly older (P < 0.05) and had higher GPT (P < 0.05) than patients with normal vitamin D. In conclusion, calcium metabolism is frequently impaired in adult thalassemic patients. An early and effective medical treatment should be taken in consideration by the clinician in order to improve the bone health in these patients.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)888-892
Numero di pagine5
RivistaBone
Volume38
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2006

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Physiology
  • Histology

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Carmina, E., Rini, G. B., Di Fede, G., Napoli, N., Rini, Rini, Bucchieri, S., Sferrazza, Di Fede, G., Carmina, E., Sferrazza, C., Napoli, N., & Bucchieri, S. (2006). Low serum levels of 25-hydroxy vitamin D in adults affected by thalassemia major or intermedia. Bone, 38, 888-892.