Low frequency of human papillomavirus in strictly site‐coded oral squamous cell carcinomas, using the latest nhi/seer‐icd systems: A pilot observational study and critical review

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The aim of this study was to evaluate HPV status in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), as coded by the latest classifications and applying a combination of detection methods used in clinical practice. Forty‐two patients with suspect OSCC were consecutively recruited. Patients underwent an incisional biopsy for histological OSCC diagnosis and HPV identification by PCR DNA and p16 IHC. All lesions were coded by the latest ICD‐0‐3.2 site/histology classifications, as proposed for OSCC by the National Cancer Institute Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results Programs. Moreover, a comparative analysis review, critically evaluated by the same site‐coded systems and HPV detection methods, was performed. In 40 confirmed cases of OSCC, the frequency of HPV infection was 10% (4/40). Among positive patients, two cases were PCR DNA/p16 IHC positive (high‐risk HPV 51, high‐risk HPV 67), two cases were PCR DNA positive/p16 IHC negative (high‐risk HPV 31 + 68, high‐risk HPV 66). Applying the latest site coding systems for OSCC, the frequency of HPV infection in this study and in similar, reviewed investigations was low (from 3.3% to 12.5%). These results suggested no significant HPV role in oral carcinogenesis, particularly where an updated site‐coded classification of OSCCs (categorically excluding the base of the tongue) had been performed.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)4595-4606
Numero di pagine12
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

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