A 3-story building with a mat foundation consisting of a slab on a grid of grade beams performed poorly on clay soil. Cracking of the slab became rogressively worse as a result of the incorrect esign and fluctuations in the groundwater pressure under the foundation. The cyclic presence and absence of water rusted the steel reinforcement, and the sulfates in the clay soil caused formation of ettringite in the concrete. Plastic hinges formed in the slab and settlements occurred, causing damage to the beams. The situation is still in progress and may lead to the collapse of the structure under normal service conditions. The geotechnical and structural investigations performed to survey and assess the aforementioned problems are described in this paper. The causes and the consequences of the detected anomalies are analyzed, and a prediction of potential future structural problems is provided. A strengthening procedure is proposed, and an estimate of the cost to realize it is provided. Recommendations are offered to help avoid the problem in new constructions.
|Numero di pagine||8|
|Rivista||Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2013|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Civil and Structural Engineering
- Building and Construction
- Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality