Long-term follow-up of hepatitis C virus-positivepatients with persistently normal serum transaminases

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Material and methods. This study prospectively evaluated the progression of liver disease in a group ofanti-HCV-positive patients with persistently normal ALT levels (PNALT) who were HCV-RNA positive. Patientsselected for this study were those who presented with PNALT according to the Italian Association for theStudy of the Liver (AISF) criteria in the year 1995/96 and underwent liver biopsy. They were divided intotwo groups according to their ALT evolution. Forty-five patients were included in this study. Results. Aftera median follow-up time of 180 months twenty-five of them maintained PNALT, but two of these developedliver cirrhosis (LC) in a mean time of 174 and 202 months, respectively). Twenty patients had flares of ALTand three of them developed LC in a mean time of 162-178 months. Twelve of these patients underwentcurrent antiviral treatment; six patients were SVR. At baseline, the 5 patients who progressed to LC hadage and BMI significantly higher than patients without LC (P < 0.005 and P < 0.01, respectively). Grading(P < 0.006) and staging (P < 0.003) were also more severe at histology, while serum HDL-C levels were statisticallylower (P < 0.002). Comparing patients with flares of transaminases with and without LC, we found asignificant difference at baseline for age, BMI, HDL-C, grading and staging (P < 0.05; P < 0.01 and P < 0.003,respectively). Conclusion. In HCV-RNA positive patients associated with PNALT the grade of disease activityincreased over the years in only half of patients and a higher degree of liver fibrosis at baseline was themajor relevant factor for progression.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)36-43
Numero di pagine8
RivistaAnnals of Hepatology
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

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