Keggin [PW12O40]3- and Wells-Dawson [P2W18O62]6- heteropolyanions are nanosized transition-metal-oxygen clusters belonging to the heteropolyacids (HPAs) family. They are widely used as catalysts due to their high Brønsted acidity, and their dispersion on solid supports favors the accessibility to their acid sites generally increasing the catalytic activity. A series of binary materials composed of Keggin or Wells-Dawson HPAs and SiO2, TiO2, and ZrO2 have been prepared by impregnation or solvothermal methods. Remarkable differences have been found in the catalytic activities among the unsupported and supported HPAs. These differences have been correlated in the past to the structural changes of the HPAs due to the cluster-support interaction, which is different depending on preparation methodologies of the binary material. In the present work, the modes of interaction between the two types of HPA, Keggin and Wells-Dawson, and various supports have been studied by X-ray absorption spectroscopy. The obtained data have been compared to the characterization of the same materials reported before by using different bulk and surface physicochemical techniques. The characterization results were then used to correlate the interaction modes between the HPAs and the supports with the catalytic performances reported for 2-propanol dehydration to propene and for propene hydration to 2-propanol. The results reveal that the deposition of HPA by impregnation or solvothermal treatment may cause distortions in the H3PW12O40 cluster structure depending on the presence of stronger (TiO2 and ZrO2) or weaker (SiO2) basic sites in the support, respectively. Moreover, the type of preparation method affects the structure and acidic properties of the supported HPAs. In particular, during the preparation of TiO2 and ZrO2 with HPA by in situ solvothermal method, the reaction of the HPA with the products of metal alkoxides hydrolysis occurs with consequent destruction of the Keggin structure. Therefore, the catalytic activity of such materials is poor. These modifications, in addition to the bulk and surface features of the supported HPAs, affected the catalytic 2-propanol dehydration to a significant extent. On the contrary, the propene hydration was less influenced, probably, due to the propene nonpolar nature.
|Numero di pagine||15|
|Rivista||JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY. C|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2019|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films