Lo stato veneziano attraverso Machiavelli (a proposito di "Machiavelli e la crisi dello Stato veneziano")

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Abstract

In 1974 Innocenzo Cervelli published his first book in Naples, dedicated to the crisis that devastated Venice and its dominions of the Mainland at the beginning of the sixteenth century. The young scholar chose to integrate in the reconstruction of the political and intellectual environment of the lagoon an analysis of all the relevant Machiavellian texts: not only the major works that explicitly address the great constitutional problem that the Serenissima represents in the eyes of contemporaries, and Florentines in particular, but also the professional writings (as the Legations) that reveal the acute gaze of the ambassador Machiavelli, able to perceive aspects of Venice precluded to other observers. Cervelli, who, like others, wondered in the late 60s of the twentieth century, about the problem of the modern state, critically took on the original point of view of the Florentine secretary, who observed, for example, the reaction that developed in the cities and communities subject to Venice in the months following the ruinous defeat of Agnadello (14 May 1509). The fundamental theme was no longer the classic one of the stability of Venice, but rather that of the Venetian State, and the problem that Cervelli posed itself was linked in an original way to the conceptual challenge that the very existence of Venice as a state had posed to Machiavelli, that is, the "miracle" of an "imperio" obtained without its own weapons, and that holds up to the impact of defeat. The "republican" nature of the city's constitution was not, therefore, at issue, but the complex and precocious "state" form of the land's dominion, where the plurality of the actors (from the rural communities to the popular and patrician citizens of the Mainland cities, to the world of the gentlemen of the dominant one), had been able to generate unexpected dynamics immediately after Agnadello, seized by Machiavelli more lucidly than other protagonists.
Lingua originaleItalian
pagine (da-a)559-571
Numero di pagine13
RivistaStudi Storici
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2019

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