Liver disease in chelated transfusion-dependent thalassemics: the role of iron and chronic hepatitis C

Antonio Craxi, Vito Di Marco, Daniela Cabibi, Fabrizio Bronte, Pier Luigi Almasio, Donatella Ferraro, Francesco Gagliardotto, Giovanni Battista Ruffo, Giovanni Battista Ruffo, Zelia Borsellino, Liana Cuccia, Marcello Capra, Francesco Barbaria, Massimo Capra

Risultato della ricerca: Article

39 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Iron overload and hepatitis virus C infection cause liver fibrosis in thalassemics. In a monocentric retrospective analysis of liver disease in a cohort of 191 transfusion-dependent thalassemics, in 126 patients who had undergone liver biopsy (mean age 17.2 years; 58 hepatitis virus C-RNA positive and 68 hepatitis virus C-RNA negative) the liver iron concentration (median 2.4 mg/gr dry liver weight) was closely related to serum ferritin levels (R = 0.58; p<0.0001). Male gender (OR 4.12) and serum hepatitis virus C-RNA positivity (OR 11.04) were independent risk factors for advanced liver fibrosis. The majority of hepatitis virus C-RNA negative patients with low iron load did not develop liver fibrosis, while hepatitis virus C-RNA positive patients infected with genotype 1 or 4 and iron overload more frequently developed advanced fibrosis. Hepatitis virus C infection is the main risk factor for liver fibrosis in transfusion-dependent thalassemics. Adequate chelation therapy usually prevents the development of liver fibrosis in thalassemics free of hepatitis virus C-infection and reduces the risk of developing severe fibrosis in thalassemics with chronic hepatitis C. ©2008 Ferrata Storti Foundation.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)125-128
Numero di pagine4
RivistaEuropean Journal of Haematology
Volume93
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2008

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Hematology

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