Liver collagen proportionate area predicts decompensation in patients with recurrent hepatitis C virus cirrhosis after liver transplantation

Vincenza Calvaruso, Emanuel Tsochatzis, Pinelopi Manousou, Giacomo Germani, Vincenza Calvaruso, Federica Grillo, Andrew Kenneth Burroughs, James O'Beirne, David Patch, Amar Paul Dhillon

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54 Citazioni (Scopus)


Background and Aims: Current histological scoring systems do not subclassify cirrhosis. Computer-assisted digital image analysis (DIA) of Sirius Red-stained sections measures fibrosis morphologically producing a fibrosis ratio (collagen proportionate area [CPA]). CPA could have prognostic value within a disease stage, such as cirrhosis. The aim of the present study was to evaluate CPA in patients with recurrent hepatitis C virus (HCV) allograft cirrhosis and assess its relationship with hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG). Methods: In 121 consecutively-transplanted HCV patients with HVPG, measured contemporaneously with transjugular liver biopsies, 65 had Ishak stage 5 or 6 disease (43 with HVPG measurement). Biopsies were stained with Sirius Red for DIA, and the collagen content was expressed as a CPA. In three cases, a tissue for Sirius Red staining was not obtained, and the patients were excluded. Results: Sixty-two patients were analyzed. The median HVPG was 8mmHg (interquartile range [IQR]: 5-10). Portal hypertension (HVPG ≥6<10mmHg) was present in 30 (69.8%), and HVPG ≥10mmHg in 13 (30.2%). The median CPA was 16% (IQR 10.75-23.25). Median Child-Pugh score and HVPG were not significantly different between Ishak fibrosis stage 5 or 6, whereas CPA was statistically different: 13% in stage 5 (IQR 8.3-12.4) versus 23% in stage 6 (IQR 17-33.7, P<0.001). In the multivariate analysis, CPA was the only variable significantly associated with clinically-significant portal hypertension (HVPG ≥10mmHg, odds ratio: 1.085, confidence interval: 1.004-1.172, P=0.040). A CPA of 14% was the best cut-off value for clinically-significant portal hypertension (CSPH) and liver decompensation, which occurred in 24 patients. Event-free survival was significantly shorter in patients with CSPH or with a CPA value ≥14%, or with a combination of both. Conclusion: In Ishak stages 5 and 6, CPA correlated with HVPG, but had a wider range of values, suggesting a greater sensitivity for distinguishing "early" from "late" severe fibrosis/cirrhosis. CPA was a unique, independent predictor of HVPG ≥10mmHg. CPA can be used to subclassify cirrhosis and for prognostic stratification. © 2012 Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Foundation and Blackwell Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1227-1232
Numero di pagine6
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

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