Abstract

(1) Aim: To assess the attitude toward Lifestyle Medicine and healthy behaviours amongstudents in the healthcare area and to demonstrate its association to psychological well-being;(2) Methods: A cross-sectional study is conducted among 508 undergraduates of the Universityof Palermo (140 (27.6%) in the healthcare area and 368 (72.4%) in the non-healthcare area), duringthe academic year 2018–2019. Psychological well-being is measured through two dimensions ofeudaimonia and hedonia, using the 10-item Hedonic and Eudaimonic Motives for Activities-Revised(HEMA-R) scale, with answers coded on a 7-point scale. The association between demographic andmodifiable behavioural risk factors for chronic diseases is assessed through crude and adjusted Oddsratios with 95% confidence intervals; (3) Results: Orientation to both hedonia and eudaimonia issignificantly associated to the Mediterranean diet (ORAdj = 2.28; 95% CI = (1.42–3.70)) and drinkingspirits less than once a week (ORAdj = 1.89; 95% CI = (1.10–3.27)) and once a week or more (ORAdj= 6.02; 95% CI = (1.05–34.52)), while these conditions occur together less frequently for currentsmokers (ORAdj = 0.38; 95% CI = (0.18–0.81)). Students inclined to well-being consider healthcareprofessionals as models for their patients and all people in general (OR = 1.96, 95% CI = (1.28–3.00));(4) Conclusions: The positive relation found between a virtuous lifestyle and psychological well-beingsuggests the construction, development and cultivation of individual skills are a means to succeed incounteracting at risk behaviours for health.
Lingua originaleEnglish
Numero di pagine0
RivistaInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume17
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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