Lexical verbs in a medical case-report wordlist

Tatiana Canziani, Olga Dontcheva-Navratilova

Risultato della ricerca: Articlepeer review

Abstract

Clinical case reports or clinical cases (CRs) are, perhaps, the most widelyread text type in medicine, since they contain a detailed description of the patient’smedical history and symptoms and thus furnish ample teaching material forphysicians-in-training. For non-native speakers of English in medicine, autonomouslearning is often restricted because of a lack of medical lexicon, poor academicvocabulary, and weak lexical verb use. Here, we present the results of an investigationof lexical verbs: their distribution, classification, and contextual use in thedifferent sections of the genre CRs. We suggest that lexical verbs with contextualuse should be included in medical dictionaries to aid vocabulary development for alllevels of English language competence. We found that relational and reportingverbs predominate in CRs and are used to describe and contextualize authorobservations. Stative verbs are generally found to describe patient data, whilechange of state verbs generally refers to patient response to therapy. Contextualanalysis suggests that lexical verbs categories might be related to the moves of thisgenre, useful for teaching the structure of medical publications. We give someapplications of this investigation to dictionary building and in integrating corpora inteaching and eventually in testing activities.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)39-62
Numero di pagine24
RivistaLEXICOGRAPHY
Volume4
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language

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