Lettres de Barberie: esclavage et rachats des captifs siciliens (XVIe-XVIIIe siècles)

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Abstract

In the modern age the conditions of prisoners of war and slaves mingle in the most singular fashion in the person of the captive who fell into enemy hands and was reduced to slavery as a victim of the war between privateers. The importance of the experience of captivity in the Mediterranean no longer needs to be demonstrated and has long attracted the attention of historians.The “Arch-Confraternity for the Redemption of Captives”, whose documents are held in the state archives of Palermo, has preserved several hundred letters, petitions and accounts of Sicilian slaves in Barbary (particularly in Tunis and Bizerte, but also in Algiers and Tripoli). These documents which were sent between the sixteenth and the nineteenth century, to families, friends and influential people, describe the poor conditions of slavery and provide the information necessary for their ransom. We have here a mine of valuable information on the conditions of slaves in North African cities, one that provides an account of slavery in the words of those who experienced it.
Lingua originaleFrench
pagine (da-a)229-254
Numero di pagine26
RivistaCAHIERS DE LA MÉDITERRANÉE
Volume87
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2013

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